Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 31.10.2023


1. Earth's Core

Why in news – Recent studies show evidence of the leaking of Earth’s core.

Key Points –

• Scientists have detected a surprising amount of a rare version of helium, called helium-3, in volcanic rocks on Canada’s Baffin Island.

• It supports the theory that the noble gas is leaking from Earth’s core.

• The research team also detected helium-4 within the rocks.

• While helium-4 is common on Earth, helium-3 is more readily found elsewhere in the cosmos.

Mechanism –

• As Earth’s rocky portion stirs and convects like hot water on a stove top, material ascends, cools, and sinks.

• During the cooling stage, helium is lost to the atmosphere and then to space.


1. 25th Bhutan-China Border Talks

Why in news - In Beijing, Bhutan, and China signed a Cooperation Agreement.

Key Points –

• It is a significant progress towards the 3-Step Roadmap initiated in 2021.

• Both countries claim the Doklam Plateau.

• Sikkim-Tibet Convention (1890) - It delineated the border between Sikkim (then a British protectorate) and Tibet (which was under Chinese influence), passing through the Doklam Plateau.


1. Ayushman Bharat

Why in news – 26 crore Ayushman Cards have been created under Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri – Jan Arogya Yojana (AB- PMJAY) so far.

Key Points –

• By - Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

• Implementing Agency: National Health Authority.

• Objectives: to meet SDGs and its underlining commitment, which is to “leave no one behind.”

• It was recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

• It aims to holistically address the healthcare system (covering prevention, promotion and ambulatory care) at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels.

• It comprises two inter-related components –

(a) Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) – to transform the existing Sub Centres and Primary Health Centres.

(b) Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) - It provides health cover of five lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization to beneficiary families.


1. 4th Goa Maritime Conclave 2023

Why in news - Defence Minister Rajnath Singh addressed the Goa Maritime Conclave 2023.

Key Points –

• Organized by: Indian Navy.

• Venue: Goa.

• Theme: Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean Region: Converting Common Maritime Priorities into Collaborative Mitigating Frameworks.

• Participants (12 Indian Ocean littorals) - Bangladesh, Comoros, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar, Seychelles, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

2. Chetak Helicopters

Why in news – Indian Army will begin phase-out of Cheetah and Chetak helicopters from 2027.

Key Points –

• Manufactured by: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

• Its manufacturing started in 1962 with the help of France.

• Cheetahs have especially been crucial for operations in Siachen.


1. Gudavi Bird Sanctuary

Why in news – Recently, several birds died at the Gudavi bird sanctuary.

Key Points –

• More than 30 birds, including spoonbills, herons, and black-headed ibis, were found dead.

• Location: Shivamogga, Karnataka.

• It is situated around the Gudavi Lake.

• Birds: Birds: Grey Heron, Night Heron, Little Cormorant, Junglefowl, Indian Pond Heron, Darter, Indian Shag etc.

2. ‘Green Credit’ Program

Why in news – The Centre recently notified the Green Credit program.

Key Points –

• By - Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate.

• It was announced in the Union Budget 2023-24.

• Objective: to create a market-based mechanism for undertaking environment-friendly activities such as afforestation programs, water conservation etc.

• It aims to incentivize voluntary environmental actions of various stakeholders.

• Green Credit: it is an incentive that individuals, farmer-producer organizations (FPOs), industries, and rural and urban local bodies, among other stakeholders, will be able to earn for environment-positive actions.


1. Bani Festival

Why in news – 3 people lost their lives in the traditional Banni festival.

Key Points –

• It is celebrated in Andhra Pradesh on the night of the Dussehra celebration.

• It is a traditional stick-fight.

Historical Significance –

• This festival was celebrated by people under the Vijayanagara Empire.

• The objective of this event was to snatch the idols from God’s team, leading to a fierce battle known as the Banni Fight.

• It is celebrated on account of the victory of Lord Mala Malleswara Swamy and Goddess Parvati over demonish Mani and Mallasura.


1. 37th National Games

Why in news – Bihar Women’s rugby team won a silver medal in the ongoing 37th edition of the National Games.

Key Points –

• They lost to Odisha in the final by 7-12.

• Bihar Women’s rugby team’s coach - Dulanjana Vijayasinghe (Sri Lanka).

2. Asian Para Games

Why in news – Shuttler Pramod Bhagat bagged a gold medal in men's singles SL3 event.

Key Points –

• Pramod Bhagat beat compatriot Nitesh Kumar to claim the gold medal.

• He won a bronze each in Men's Doubles SL3-SL4 and Mixed Doubles SL3-SU5 events.

• The state government has announced a reward of Rs 2 crore for Bhagat.

• Pramod Bhagat completed hat-trick of medals.

• Hangzhou is the fourth Asian Para Games for Bhagat who has won at least one medal in each of the last three Asian Para Games.


• Which state's Sonam Zomba has won the title in the women's strawweight category in the 13th edition of Matrix Fight Night (MFN) - Arunachal Pradesh.

• India has won a historic total of how many medals at the Para Asian Games 2023 - 111 medals.

• Which company has launched India's first Satellite-Based Gigabit Broadband Service to extend high-speed internet access to remote regions in India for nationwide coverage - Reliance Jio.

• The 15th Tribal Youth Exchange Program has been inaugurated in which city – Mumbai.

• Which state/UT government has unveiled Jai Bhim Mukhyamantri Pratibha Vikas Yojana – Delhi.

• From India, who has become a part of the prestigious 18-member steering committee of the International Competition Network (ICN) - Competition Commission of India (CCI).

• Which day is celebrated all over India on 31 October 2023 - National Unity Day.

• Which company may soon become the first Indian company to assemble iPhones for India and other global markets - Tata Group.

• Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with whom to develop industrial cooperation in 'ring forging' for commercial engines in aerospace - Safran Aircraft Engines (France).

• PM Modi launched which initiative on Sardar Patel's birth anniversary to celebrate National Unity Day at Statue of Unity - Mera Yuva Bharat.


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