Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 20.09.2023


1. Women Parliamentarians

Why in news – Arjun Ram Meghwal introduced the Constitution (128th Amendment) Bill, 2023 in the Lok Sabha.

Key Points –

• It aims to provide 33% reservation of seats for women in Parliament and state legislative Assemblies.

• The current 17th Lok Sabha (2019-2024) has the highest-ever representation of women MPs, with 78 MPs in the 545-member House (around 14%).

• Globally, the average for women in parliament is around 24%.

• Highest percentage of women legislators in Parliament – Rwanda (49 of 80 MPs, i.e., 61%). It is more than Sweden, Iceland and New Zealand.


1. India Canada Rift

Why in news – India expelled Olivier Sylvestere, a senior Canadian diplomat based in India.

Key Points –

• Olivier Sylvestere is the Canadian intelligence agency station chief in India.

• Earlier, Canada expelled Pavan Kumar Rai, head of the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) in Canada.

• Canada alleged India of killing of a pro-Khalistan leader and Canadian citizen, Hardeep Singh Nijjar.

• Canadian PM Trudeau has informed US President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak.

• Canada, US, UK, Australia and New Zealand are part of the Five Eyes Alliance.

Value Addition –

• Canadian Ambassador - Cameron Mackay.

• Indian ambassador to Canada - Sanjay Kumar Verma.

2. EU-China Tariff War

Why in news – European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen sounded the alarm bells on the cheap, new electric vehicles from China.

Key Points –

• She warned EU parliamentary lawmakers that China “is flooding global markets with cheap electric cars.”

• She said Beijing is offering “massive government subsidies” to undercut the prices of electric vehicles (EV) made in Europe.

• There have been calls to impose punitive tariffs.

3. Online Safety Bill

Why in news – Britain passed sweeping new online safety law.

Key Points –

• It regulates online content, rules to reduce hate speech, harassment, and other illicit material.

• It also applies to terrorist propaganda, online fraud, and child safety.

• Companies that do not comply will face fines of up to 18 million pounds (about $22.3 million).

4. African Credit Rating Agency

Why in news – The African Union plans to launch a new African credit rating agency in 2024.

Key Points –

• It is in response to its concerns about what it views as unfair ratings given to African countries.

• It will generate its own evaluation of lending risks associated with African countries.

• It alleged that the “big three” rating agencies – Moody’s, Fitch, and S&P Global Ratings – do not fairly assess the lending risks associated with African countries.


1. UNESCO tag to Santiniketan

Why in news – Santiniketan has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage sites list.

Key Points –

• It was home to late Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.

• Location - Birbhum district (West Bengal).

• It was established by Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, father of Rabindranath Tagore, in 1863.

• Rabindranath Tagore envisioned it as a university town and established a school. It was called Brahmacharya Ashram (1901).

• In 1921, Tagore set up Visva Bharati, which was declared a central university and institute of national importance in 1951.

• Visva-Bharati University became the first living university to get the heritage tag from UNESCO.

• Santiniketan becomes the 41st UNESCO World Heritage Site in India and 3rd in West Bengal.

Value Addition –

• Inscription to the World Heritage List is recommended by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS).

• ICOMOS is the advisory body of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre.

• World Heritage Site in West Bengal - Sundarbans National Park and the Darjeeling Mountain Railways.

• The Durga Puja in Kolkata is included in UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.


1. Parker Solar Probe (2018)

Why in news – NASA’s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) become the 1st ever man-made spacecraft to fly through a powerful solar explosion.

Key Points –

• It took the closest-ever plasma observations.

• It will help in the detailed study of solar plasma along with the early stage, structures, and evolution of Coronal Mass Ejections (CME).

• CMEs are violent bouts of gaseous matter and magnetic fields thrown outwards from the Sun’s outer atmosphere, the corona.

2. Musk’s Neuralink

Why in news – Musk’s Neuralink to start the human trial of brain implant for paralysis patients.

Key Points –

• It will use a robot to surgically place a brain-computer interface (BCI) implant in a region of the brain that controls the intention to move.

• It would facilitate speedy surgical insertions of chip devices to treat conditions like obesity, autism, depression and schizophrenia.

• Neuralink is Elon Musk’s brain-chip startup.


1. G77+China Summit

Why in news – Group of 77 (G77) and China summit concluded with an emphasis on empowering Global South.

Key Points –

• Venue - Havana, Cuba.

• China is not a member but has been cooperating with the group under the framework of "G77 and China."

• First established in 1964, G77 now has 134 members.

• Group of 77 is the largest intergovernmental organization of developing countries in the United Nations.


1. ASEAN Solidarity Exercise-01 Natuna (ASEX-01N)

Why in news – The 5-day ASEX-01N exercise was held at Indonesia's Natuna Islands near the South China Sea.

Key Points –

• It is the first joint military drill that the Southeast Asian bloc has conducted on its own.

• The exercises took place around Batam island, which is located adjacent to the Strait of Malacca.

• All ASEAN member countries including East Timor participated.


1. 32nd All India GV Mavalankar Shooting Championship

Why in news – The 32nd All India GV Mavalankar Shooting Championship was held in Asansol.

Key Points –

• Gaurav Bharti won the gold medal for Bihar in the 25 meter sports event.

• His score - 286 out of 300.

• Gaurav is a resident of Bhanwar Pokhar Mohalla of Patna.

2. Air Quality Laboratory Building

Why in news – Work on construction of an ‘air quality laboratory building’ has started at the Patliputra Industrial Estate.

Key Points –

• It will be used by the Bihar State Pollution Control Board (BSPCB).

• The foundation stone for the laboratory was laid down by Tej Pratap Yadav on September 7 to mark the “International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies”.

• The project, being carried out by the Industrial Development Authority (IDA).

• The entire premises will be certified as a green building by the Indian Green Building Council.


• In which state will the fourth edition of the World Trade Expo be organized – Maharashtra.

• Who has taken charge as the acting director of Enforcement Directorate (ED) replacing Sanjay Kumar Mishra - Rahul Naveen.

• In which national park has an event been organized to commemorate the completion of one year of Project-Cheetah - Kuno National Park, Madhya Pradesh.

• According to Chainalysis' 2023 Global Crypto Adoption Index, has been ranked first in grassroots crypto adoption – India.

• Which company will invest Rs 1,000 crore in Uttar Pradesh over the next few years to establish a bus manufacturing factory focused on clean mobility - Ashok Leyland.

• The Chief Minister of which state will inaugurated the 108 feet high statue of Adi Shankaracharya - Madhya Pradesh.

• Which is the only Indian company featured in the TIME Magazine's top 100 'World's Best Companies 2023' list – Infosys.

• Who has launched a Unified Portal for Agricultural Statistics (UPAG) - Ramesh Chand (Member of NITI Aayog).

• Who has been conferred with the highest award "Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar" by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India for best implementation of Rajbhasha Policy - The Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

• Which state has launched “Chief Minister Sampoorna Pushti Yojana” – Odisha.


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