Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 08.08.2023


1. Rahul Gandhi’s MP Status

Why in news - The Supreme Court stayed Rahul Gandhi’s conviction in the Modi surname case.

Key Points –

• He is MP from Wayanad.

• Lok Sabha Secretariat cleared his return to Parliament.

• The sentence awarded by Chief Judicial Magistrate HH Verma in Surat on March 23, 2023.

2. Havana Syndrome

Why in news – Centre has told the Karnataka High Court that it will look into the matter of the ‘Havana Syndrome’ in India.

Key Points –

• Havana Syndrome refers to a set of mental health symptoms.

• It is said to be experienced by United States intelligence and embassy officials in various countries.

• Symptoms - hearing certain sounds without any outside noise, nausea, vertigo and headaches, memory loss and balance issues.

• It traces its roots to Cuba (Cuban capital - Havana) in late 2016.

• It is said to be high-powered microwaves that either damaged or interfered with the nervous system.


1. Ukraine Terms Peace Talks

Why in news - Saudi Arabia hosted a summit in Jeddah on August 5 and 6 in an effort to end Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Key Points –

• It did not have any representation from Russia.

• Ukraine presented its 10-point peace formula (rejected by Russia in the past).

• Representatives from more than 40 countries including China, India, and the US were present.

• From India - NSA Ajit Doval.

• Jeddah meet followed earlier informal talks in Copenhagen (June 2023).


1. Anti-Dumping Duty

Why in news - India imposed anti-dumping duty on optical fibre imports from China, Korea and Indonesia.

Key Points –

• Aim - to secure the domestic industry from artificially cheap rates that are capturing the market.

• Validity - 5 years (unless revoked, superseded or amended earlier).

Value Addition –

• While the Department of Commerce (M/o Commerce and Industry) recommends the Anti-dumping duty, it is the Ministry of Finance, which levies such duty.

• Dumping is said to occur when the goods are exported by a country to another country at a price lower than its normal value.

• It is not a measure of protection per se for the domestic industry. It provides relief to the domestic industry against the injury caused by dumping.


1. Einstein Cross

Why in news - Astronomers have captured a rare example of an Einstein cross.

Key Points –

• It is a group 12 rare quasars, each offering four distinct quadruple images, commonly called Einstein’s cross.

• Einstein cross - A galaxy is not just lensing but also quadrisecting the light coming from another galaxy billions of light years away from Earth.

• It can help refine the existing understanding about our universe’s rate of expansion and unravel mysteries surrounding dark matter.

• Quasars are distant galaxies with extremely luminous nuclei.

• Hubble-Lemaítre constant – It is used to measure the rate of expansion of universe.

2. Chandrayaan-3

Why in news - ISRO announced that Chandrayaan-3 has successfully entered the moon’s orbit on August 5.

Key Points –

• Lunar Orbit Injection (LOI) - A long-duration firing of its engines that pushed it out of Earth’s gravitational influence and towards Lunar gravitational influence.

• It is expected to make a soft landing near the Lunar south pole at around 70 degrees latitude.


1. “75 Endemic Birds of India” Report

Why in news - The publication, titled "75 Endemic Birds of India," was released by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI).

Key Points –

• Findings –

(a) India is home to 1,353 bird species (12.40% of global bird diversity).

(b) 78 (5%) are endemic to India and do not exist in any other regions globally.

• 3 species have not been recorded in the last few decades –

(a) Manipur Bush Quail – Last seen – 1907. IUCN – Endangered.

(b) Himalayan Quail - Last seen – 1876. IUCN – Critically Endangered.

(c) Jerdon’s Courser - Last seen – 2009. IUCN – Critically Endangered.

• Highest endemic birds - Western Ghats (28), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (25).


1. Rabindranath Tagore's 82nd Death Anniversary

Why in news - Rabindranath Tagore died at the age of 80 on August 7 in 1941.

Key Points –

• He is also popular as "Gurudev" and the "Bard of Bengal."

• He served as the inspiration for the "Sri Lanka Matha'' national anthem of Sri Lanka.

• Tagore established the "Visva-Bharati" University at Shantiniketan in 1921.

• The first time Gandhi Ji was referred to as "Mahatma" is credited to Rabindranath Tagore in 1917.

• Tagore remained deeply critical of nationalism, a position that pitted him against Mahatma Gandhi.

• Tagore wrote a novel “The Home and the World” in 1916.

2. National Handloom Day 2023

Why in news – It is observed across India on August 7.

Key Points –

• Theme - Handlooms for Sustainable Fashion.

• It recognises India’s rich handloom legacy and the efforts of the community of weavers engaged in the sector.

• On August 7, 1905, a historic call to encourage indigenous products during the Swadeshi movement was given.


1. 2nd Bihar Museum Biennale

Why in news – CM Nitish Kumar attended the inauguration of the 2nd edition of Bihar Museum Biennale in Patna on August 7.

Key Points –

• Artists from over 20 countries under G20 initiative were also part of the event.

• The exhibition, ‘Together We Art’, showcased the artworks of 19 artists from G20 countries.


• In which country will Prime Minister Modi participate in the BRICS summit - South Africa.

• Which will be honored with the Golden Eye Award at the 'Zurich Film Festival' - Diane Kruger.

• The Prime Minister of which neighbouring country has announced the dissolution of the National Assembly – Pakistan.

• Which state's cabinet has approved the formation of 19 new districts and 3 new divisions in the state – Rajasthan.

• India has given financial assistance of Rs 45 crore to which country for a unique digital identity project - Sri Lanka.

• Who has recently launched 'Jaldost Airboat' - National Aerospace Laboratories.

• Devari village in which district of Uttar Pradesh to be developed as a village tourism hub – Prayagraj.

• Which union minister has launched the Port Health Organization (PHO) under Sagar Setu - Sarbananda Sonowal.

• Who has jointly launched the 'Study in India' portal - S. Jaishankar and Dharmendra Pradhan.

• To whom has the Geneva School of Diplomacy conferred an honorary doctorate - Shashi Tharoor.


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