Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 25.07.2023


1. Chandra Shekhar Azad (1906-1931)

Why in news - PM Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Chandra Shekhar Azad on his birth anniversary on July 23, 2023.

Key Points –

• On being presented before a magistrate (arrested during Non-Cooperation Movement), he gave his name as "Azad" (The Free).

• Azad joined Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) (Other members - Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh).

• Kakori Conspiracy (August 9, 1925 by HRA, Lucknow) – Plan was executed by Chandra Shekhar Azad and others.

• Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA, 1928) - established at Feroz Shah Kotla in New Delhi by Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Bhagat Singh etc.

• Also, involved in the shooting of J. P. Saunders at Lahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.

• On February 27, 1931, he shot himself in Alfred Park Allahabad.

2. Rice Export Ban

Why in news - Centre prohibited the export of Non-Basmati White Rice.

Key Points –

• Aim - to ensure adequate availability of Non-Basmati White Rice and to allay the rise in prices in the domestic market.

• Non-Basmati White Rice constitutes about 25% of total rice exported from the country.

• However, there is no change in Export policy of Non-Basmati Rice (Par Boiled Rice) and Basmati Rice.

• By - Directorate of Foreign Trade (DGFT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Value Addition –

• India is the world's largest rice exporter (40% of the global rice trade).

• India is the 2nd largest rice producer after China.

• Top 3 producer in India - West Bengal (1st), Uttar Pradesh (2nd), Punjab (3rd).

• Wheat prices jumped after Russia withdrew from the Black Sea grain deal.

3. Film Certification

Why in news – People are upset with CBFC over their nod to the Hollywood film Oppenheimer.

Key Points –

• Reason - Cillian Murphy reads out verses from the Bhagavad Gita during an intimate scene.

About Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) –

• CBFC hq - Mumbai

• Statutory body.

• Under - Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B).

• Mandate - Regulate the public exhibition of films under the provisions of the Cinematograph Act, 1952.

• Films can be shown in India only after they have been certified by the Board.

• CBFC has 9 Regional Offices.

Certificates –

(a) unrestricted public exhibition (U)

(b) parental guidance for children below age 12 (U/A)

(c) adult (A)

(d) viewing by specialised groups (S).

• All members and a Chairperson are appointed by Central Government.


1. Twitter’s Logo

Why in news - Twitter’s logo has changed to “X” from its iconic Bluebird symbol.

Key Points –

• In April 2023, Twitter’s blue bird logo was replaced by the logo of Dogecoin, a cryptocurrency. (later replaced by the original logo).

• Musk’s Twitter faces tough competition from Meta’s Thread (Twitter-like platform).

2. Algeria in BRICS

Why in news - Algeria has submitted an application to join the BRICS group.

Key Points –

• It also made a request to become a shareholder member of the BRICS Bank with a contribution of $1.5 billion.

• Algeria is a country in North Africa.

• More than 40 states have indicated interest in joining the BRICS group e.g., Argentina, Iran, Saudi Arabia etc.

About BRICS –

• Members - Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.

• Makes up around 26% of the world’s GDP and more than 40% of the world’s population.


1. STAR-C Initiative

Why in news - India may expand its Solar Technology and Application Resource Centres (STAR -C) initiative to Pacific Island countries.

Key Points –

• Aim - to boost solar power ecosystems in the poorest countries

• Initiative of - International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).

• Funded by – France.

• ISA was conceived as a joint effort by India and France on the side-lines of UNFCCC COP-21 in Paris in 2015.


1. Ludwigia Peruviana

Why in news - An invasive weed, Ludwigia Peruviana, is threatening the elephant habitats in Valparai, Tamil Nadu.

Key Points –

• Popularly called primrose willow.

• Native of Central and South America.

• It is an aquatic plant challenging the existence of local vegetation in swampy areas (wetlands).

• It was probably introduced as an ornamental plant for its tiny yellow flowers.

• It is among the 22 priority invasive plants in Tamil Nadu.

• Invasive species - Plant or animal that is not indigenous to a particular area and causes economic or environmental harm.


1. INS Kirpan

Why in news- India handed over missile corvette INS Kirpan to Vietnam.

Key Points –

• It is the first-ever instance of India offering a fully operational missile corvette to Vietnam.

• Indigenously-built Khukri-class INS Kirpan (commissioned - 1991) was decommissioned after completing 32 years of service.

• Earlier, India also handed over 12 high-speed guard boats to Vietnam.

• India and Vietnam signed “Defence Partnership towards 2030” in 2022.


1. 8th and 9th Community Radio Awards

Why in news - Anurag Thakur today conferred the 8th and 9th National Community Radio Awards.

Key Points –

• Thematic Awards –

(a) 1st - Radio Mind Tree, Ambala, Haryana (Program - Hope Jeene Ki Rah).

(b) 2nd - Radio Hirakhand, Sambalpur, Odisha (Program - Adhar O PoshanBigyan).

(c) 3rd - Green Radio, Sabour, Bihar (Program – PoshanShrinkhla).

• Community Radio is 3rd tier in Radio Broadcasting. They are low-powered and operated by community-based organisations.

• Indian Institute of Mass Communication - New Delhi.

Radio Waves (Value Addition) –

• A type of electromagnetic radiation.

• Uses - communication technologies, such as television, mobile phones and radios.

• Devices receive radio waves and convert them to mechanical vibrations in the speaker to create sound waves.

• Longest wavelength in electromagnetic spectrum and lowest frequency.

• Discovered by - Heinrich Hertz.


1. Mukhya Mantri Khet Suraksha Yojana

Why in news - The scheme would now be implemented in the entire state simultaneously (earlier – Bundelkhand region).

Key Points –

• Budget – Rs 350 crores.

• Aim - Prevent animals like nilgai, monkeys, pigs/wild boars, etc., from causing damage to standing crops.

Provision –

(a) a solar fence with a current flow of only 12 volts (mild shock to animals) will be installed to protect crops from animals.

(b) a grant of 60% or Rs 1.43 lakh per hectare to small and marginal farmers.


1. Varanasi-Kolkata Expressway

Why in news - The upcoming 6-lane greenfield Varanasi-Kolkata expressway has been named NH319B.

Key Points –

• It would connect 4 districts of Bihar.

• It would enter Bihar at Chand (Kaimur), bordering Chaudali in Uttar Pradesh (UP) and exit at Imamganj in Gaya after covering a distance of about 160 km.

• A 5 km tunnel is proposed to be created in the Kaimur hills.

• The upcoming logistics park in Gaya would be linked to it.

• It would also give Bihar easy access to Kolkata port for export of goods.

• Cost – Rs 35,000 crore.


• As per UN COMTRADE statistics, what is India's share in world foodgrain exports in 2022 - 7.79%.

• Who has emerged as champion in the V Geza Hetenyi Memorial Super GM chess tournament 2023 - R Praggnanandhaa.

• In India, who has secured rights to broadcast the 9th edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup - DD Sports.

• Which pair has won the men's doubles title of the Korea Open badminton tournament - Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty.

• "Through the Broken Glass: An Autobiography" is an autobiography of whom - TN Seshan.

• Which state approved the Mission Shakti Scooter Yojana – Odisha.

• India's first cannabis medicinal project will soon be set up in which city – Jammu.

• Who has laid the foundation stone of a 108 feet tall statue of Lord Shri Ram in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh through video conferencing - Amit Shah.

• Which State has enhanced its financial assistance to Divyangs under the Aasara pension scheme – Telangana.

• SEMCON India 2023 will be held in which city – Gandhinagar.


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