Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 13.07.2023

NATIONAL:

1. Operation “Broader Sword”

Why in news – India and USA conducted Operation “Broader Sword' to prevent illegal drug shipment.

Key Points –

• It targeted illicit and potentially dangerous drug shipments shipped through International Mail Facilities (IMF).

• Carried out by - India’s Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

• It was built upon the success of Operation Broadsword (2020), which too targeted mail parcels containing illicit medical products from India.

2. 41st Lokmanya Tilak Award

Why in news – PM Narendra Modi to be honored with the Lokmanya Tilak National Award in Pune on August 1.

Key Points –

• The award recognizes his supreme leadership under which India has climbed the ladder of progress.

• August 1, 2023 - 103rd death anniversary of Lokmanya Tilak.

• In 2022, the award was conferred upon senior scientist Tessy Thomas (India's "missile woman)."

INTERNATIONAL:

1. National Day in France

Why in news – July 14 is celebrated as the National Day in France.

Key Points –

• It is also known as the Bastille Day.

• July 14 is the anniversary of the Storming of the Bastille in 1789 during the French Revolution.

• Guest of Honour at the Bastille Day Parade - PM Narendra Modi.

• 69-member tri-services contingent of the Indian Armed Forces marched alongside their French counterparts.

• This year, both countries are celebrating 25 years of Strategic Partnership.

Leader –

(a) Indian Army Contingent - Captain Aman Jagtap.

(b) Indian Navy Contingent - Commander Vrat Baghel.

(c) Indian Air Force Contingent - Squadron Leader Sindhu Reddy.

• Army Contingent was represented by Punjab Regiment.

• Punjab Regiment earned the Battle Honours 'Loos' and ‘France and Flanders’ during World War-I.

SUMMITS & CONFERENCES:

1. Asteroids Comets Meteors Conference 2023

Why in news – The 2023 edition of the Asteroids Comets Meteors Conference took place in Arizona on June 21, 2023.

Key Points –

• International Astronomical Union (IAU) honored Indian astrophysicist Aswin Sekhar by naming a minor planet after him.

Other Indians to have this honour –

(a) CV Raman (Nobel Prize in Physics - 1930)

(b) Subramanya Chandrasekhar (Nobel Prize in Physics - 1983)

(c) Srinivasa Ramanujan (mathematician)

(d) Vikram Sarabhai (physicist and astronomer)

(e) Manali Kallat Vainu Bappu (astronomer and former president of IAU).

• Wilson-Bappu Effect - determine the distance of stars (clusters and aggregates) too remote for direct measurements.

Value Addition –

• Meteoroid - Any solid debris originating from asteroids, comets or other celestial objects and floats through interplanetary space.

• Meteor - A meteoroid enters the atmosphere (mesosphere) at about 200 km at high speed and burns up because of the friction.

• Meteorite - In some cases, the meteoroid does not burn up completely and makes its way to the Earth’s surface (surviving chunk).

RANKS & INDICES:

1. America's Richest Self-Made Women

Why in news - Forbes list of 'America's Richest Self-Made Women' was released.

Key Points –

• 4 Indian-origin women were included in the list.

• Indian-origin (rank) - Jayshree Ullal (15th), Neerja Sethi (25th), Neha Narkhede (50th) and Indra Nooyi (77th).

• For the 6th time in a row, Daine Hendricks, topped the list.

2. Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation

Why in news – The report was released by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia Paciļ¬c's (UNESCAP).

Key Points –

• India’s score - 93.55% in 2023. (90.32% in 2021).

• India achieved a perfect score of 100% in 4 key areas: Transparency, Formalities, Institutional Arrangement and Cooperation, and Paperless Trade.

• India’s score for the “Women in Trade Facilitation” component - 77.8% in 2023 (66.7% in 2021).

• Indian Customs digital initiatives - Turant Customs, Single Window Interface for Facilitation of Trade (SWIFT), e- Sanchit (Paperless) etc.

• India’s overall score is greater than Canada, France, the UK, Germany, etc and best in South Asia region.

3. Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

Why in news - The latest update of global MPI was released recently.

Key Points –

• Findings wrt India -

(a) 415 million people moved out of poverty in India within just 15 years from 2005-2006 to 2019-2021.

(b) Poverty incidence - 55.1% (645 million people in 2005-2006) to 16.4% (230 million in 2019-2021).

(c) Multidimensionally poor and deprived under the nutrition indicator - 44.3% (2005-2006) to 11.8% (2019-2021)

(d) Child mortality fell from 4.5% to 1.5%.

• 25 countries, including India, successfully halved their global MPI values within 15 years.

About MPI –

• Released by - United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).

• 10 indicators spanning health, education and standard of living.

• All indicators are equally weighted within each dimension.

• Criteria for multidimensional poor - if deprivation score is 1/3 or higher.

• World Bank poverty line - $2.15 per day.