Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 04.07.2023


1. Ashadha Purnima

Why in news – International Buddhist Confederation (IBC) celebrated Ashadha Purnima on July 3, 2023.

Key Points –

• Under - Ministry of Culture.

• Celebrated as the Dharma Chakra Pravartana Divas in New Delhi.

• 2nd most sacred day for Buddhists after the Buddha Purnima (Vaishakha Purnima).

• Dharma Chakra Pravartana - At Sarnath that Buddha gave his first sermon and set the wheel of dharma in motion.

• It marks Buddha's first teaching after attaining Enlightenment to the first 5 ascetic disciples (pañcavargiya) at ‘Deer Park' Ṛiṣipatana Mrigadaya.

• Varsha Vassa - Rainy season retreat for the Monks and Nuns also starts with this day lasting for 3 lunar months from July to October.

• Also known as Esala Poya in Sri Lanka and Asanha Bucha in Thailand.

• Also observed as Guru Purnima by both Buddhists and Hindus.

2. Kakrapar Atomic Power Project (KAPP)

Why in news – India's first indigenously developed nuclear power reactor at KAPP in Gujarat started commercial operations on June 30, 2023.

Key Points –

• Capacity - 700 MW.

• Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is building two 700 MW pressurised heavy water reactors (PHWRs) at Kakrapar.

• The NPCIL plans to build sixteen 700 MW PHWRs across the country.

• 4 locations - Gorakhpur (Haryana), Chutka (Madhya Pradesh), Mahi Banswara (Rajasthan) and Kaiga (Karnataka).


1. Aspartame

Why in news – International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is set to declare the artificial sweetener aspartame as a possible carcinogen.

Key Points –

• Carcinogen – cancer-causing agent.

• Aspartame – a common artificial sweetener often used in soft drinks and chewing gums.

• IARC is the cancer research arm of the World Health Organization (WHO).

About Aspartame –

• Non-nutritive sweeteners

• Used in - soft drinks, jams, dairy products, canned food, ice creams, fruit juices, sugar-free energy bars.

• Usually found in products labelled as sugar-free, zero sugar, or diet.

• Include aspartic acid and phenylalanine. Both are naturally occurring amino acids ('building blocks' of proteins).

• Broke down into methanol in human body.

2. Digital Nomad Strategy

Why in news – Canada announced to launch its "digital nomad strategy."

Key Points –

• Aim - provide a temporary arrangement (upto 6 months) for foreigners to look for jobs in the country.

• Other initiatives - "tech talent strategy" and "innovation stream."


1. National Sickle Cell Anaemia Elimination Mission

Why in news – PM Narendra Modi launched the mission from Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh on July 1, 2023.

Key Points –

• Aim - to eliminate Sickle Cell Anaemia by 2047.

• Target - screening approximately 7 crore people between 0-40 years of age in the next 3 years

• It prioritizes the health of tribal communities in India.

• Prevention - Match Sickle Cell Genetic Status Cards before marriage, to ensure that the disease is not transferred to the next generation.

• To be implemented in 17 high-focus states.

• To be executed in a mission mode as part of the National Health Mission (NHM).

• Developed by - M/o Health and Family Welfare and M/o Tribal Affairs.

• Announced in the Union Budget 2023.

About Sickle Cell Anaemia –

• Chronic single-gene disorder.

• Inherited (genetic) red blood cell disorder.

• Caused by - Mutation in the hemoglobin-Beta gene found on chromosome 11.

• Normal hemoglobin (hemoglobin-A) are smooth and round and glide through blood vessels.

• Abnormal hemoglobin molecules - hemoglobin S - stick to one another and form long, rod-like structures. It causes red blood cells to become stiff causing blockages and damaging vital organs.

• Sickle cells are destroyed rapidly in the bodies of people with the disease, causing anemia.

Value Addition –

• Govt achievement – bringing down numbers of -

(a) Kala-azar from 11,000 (2013) to under 1000.

(b) Malaria cases from 10 lahks (2013) to under 2 lahks.

(c) Leprosy cases from 1.25 lakh to 70-75 thousand.


1. ‘Certified’ Electric Flying Car

Why in news - In a first, the United States government has given the official nod for a car to fly above traffic.

Key Points –

• Company - Alef Aeronautics.

• ‘Model A’ received a Special Airworthiness Certification

• It has a flight range of 110 miles or 177 km on a single charge.


1. 17th Global Peace Index 2023

Why in news - Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP) released the index.

Key Points –

• India’s Rank – 126th (score – 2.314)

• Top 5 –

• Bottom 5 –

• Russia – 158th. Ukraine – 157th.

• Largest improvements in peacefulness - North America and the Middle East and North Africa region.

• Most peaceful region - Western Europe.

• Least peaceful region - Middle East and North Africa region.

• Overall, the level of global peacefulness decreased this year by 0.42%.

• Coverage - 163 countries (99.7% of the world’s population). Use 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators.


1. 64th Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Meeting

Why in news – The 64th meeting of the GEF council took place from June 26-30, 2023 in Brasilia, Brazil.

Key Points –

• Approved plans to establish a new fund to finance the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF).

• GBF includes 4 goals and 23 targets to put nature on a recovery path by the end of 2030.

• Fund name - Global Biodiversity Framework Fund.

• 50% of its funds are to be used for biodiversity-related work in the coming years during the GEF-8 period.

• Indigenous peoples and local communities to get 20% of the funds.

About GEF –

• Established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit of UNFCCC.

• 185 member countries including India.

• Secretariat - Washington, D.C

• GEF Council - GEF’s main governing body (32 members) (14 - developed countries, 16 - developing countries, and 2 - economies in transition).

• Meets twice annually.


1. IN – FN Exercise

Why in news – India and France undertook IN – FN Maritime Partnership Exercise (MPX) in Visakhapatnam, Bay of Bengal.

Key Points –

• INS Rana and INS Sumedha participated.

• Activities - tactical maneuvers, replenishment at sea (RAS), cross deck helicopter operations etc.


• In 2022, India added a total of how many animal species to its faunal database – 664.

• What is India's external debt by the end of March 2023 - USD 624.7 billion.

• Union Minister for Environment & Forest and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav inaugurated the 3-day celebration program of the 108th Zoological Survey of India day in which city – Kolkota.

• Which ministry has organized a one day Regional Symposium on Child Protection, Safety and Child Welfare in New Delhi – M/o Women and Child Development (MWCD).

• Which team emerged victorious in the historic Dubai Women's Kabaddi Final – Kolkata.

• Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has granted the institution a non-banking institution license after revoking the banking permit - Mahalaxmi Cooperative Bank Ltd (Dharwad, Karnataka).

• King Willem-Alexander of which country apologized for his country's role in slavery - the Netherlands.

• Who has virtually launched the 'Akshar River Cruise' on Sabarmati Riverfront - Amit Shah.

• Where will the International Conference on Green Hydrogen be held - New Delhi.

• Who is the author of the book 'RAW Hitman' - Hussain Zaidi.


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