Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 13.06.2023


1. 130 years of Durban Satyagraha

Why in news - Indian Navy (INS Trishul) commemorated 130 years of Gandhi’s Satyagraha in Durban.

Key Points –

• It marked 130 years of the start of struggle against apartheid.

• June 7, 1893 – Mahatma Gandhi was thrown off the train’s first-class “whites-only” compartment at Pietermaritzburg station in South Africa for refusing to give up his seat.

• April 25, 1997 - President of South Africa Nelson Mandela the Freedom of Pietermaritzburg was conferred posthumously on Mahatma Gandhi.

• Mahatma Gandhi arrived in Durban, South Africa, in 1893 to serve as legal counsel to the merchant Dada Abdulla.

• It was his weekly newspaper “India Opinion” that coined the word Satyagraha.

2. Ishad Mango

Why in news - Kari Ishad mango of Ankola in Uttar Karnataka gets GI tag.

Key Points –

• 2 variants - Kari Ishad and Bili Ishad.

• GI tag is valid for 10 years. E.g., for Ishad mango valid till March 1, 2032.

3. Manipur Peace Committee

Why in news - Union government has constituted a peace committee in Manipur under the chairmanship of Governor Anusuiya Uikey.

Key Points –

• Aim - to facilitate the peace-making process among various ethnic groups of the State.

• Nagas and Kukis protest against the Meitei community's demand for Scheduled Tribes (ST) status.

Value Addition –

• “Commission of Inquiry” members - Ajai Lamba (chairman), Himanshu Shekhar Das and Aloka Prabhakar.

• Aim – to look into the complaints or allegations that may be made before it by any individual or association.

4. Birsa Munda's 123rd Death Anniversary

Why in news - India observed the 123rd death anniversary of freedom fighter and tribal leader Birsa Munda.

Key Points –

• He passed away on June 9, 1900, in Ranchi Jail at age 25.

• Birsa Munda led the Ulgulan (great tumult) against the British troops between 1897 and 1900.

• The British army routed Mundas and their allies on the banks of the Tanga River in 1898.

• On March 3, 1900, Birsa Munda was detained when he was taking a nap in Chakradharpur's Jamkoipai forest.

Value Addition –

• Birsa’s teacher - Jaipal Nag.

• Books –

(a) Life and Times of Birsa Munda - SP Sinha (1964).

(b) The Dust-Storm and the Hanging Mist: A Study of Birsa Munda and His Movement in Chotanagpur (1874–1901) - KS Singh (1966).

(c) Aranyer Adhikar (won Sahitya Academy Award in 1977) - Mahasweta Devi.

• British government enacted the Chotanagpur Tenancy (CNT) Act in 1908, recognizing the customary land rights of the Adivasis in the area.


1. Kilauea Volcano

Why in news - The Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island erupted.

Key Points –

• Kilauea is the youngest and most active volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii.

• It is a shield volcano with gentle slopes.

• Volcano’s main crater - Halemaʻumaʻu,.

Value Addition -

• Gases released –

(a) 99% - water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and sulfur dioxide (SO2).

(b) 1% - Hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride etc.

• World’s largest active volcano - Mauna Loa.

• Almost all lava that comes from Hawaiian volcanoes is basalt in composition.

• Eruptions of Hawaiian volcanoes are weakly explosive or nonexplosive and relatively benign.



Why in news - Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways (MoPSW) launched ‘SAGAR SAMRIDDHI’.

Key Points –

• It is an online dredging monitoring system in order to accelerate “Waste to Wealth” initiative.

• Presently Cochin Port and Mumbai Port, have adopted the system.

• Developed by - National Technology Centre for Ports, Waterways and Coasts (NTCPWC) at IIT Madras.

• MoPSW issued ‘Dredging Guidelines for Major Ports’ in 2021.

Maritime India Vision (MIV) 2030 –

• Estimates investments of Rs. 1,00,000–1,25,000 crore for development of world-class infrastructure at Indian Ports.

• At present, India is not having landside mega-port and terminal infrastructure to deal with Ultra-large container ships.

• The upcoming ports at Vizhinjam (Kerala) and Vadhavan (Maharashtra) would enable ultra large container and cargo vessels to call on the ports.


1. 12th Ex Ekuverin

Why in news - 12th edition of the exercise between the India and Maldives has commenced at Chaubatia, Uttarakhand.

Key Points –

• Duration – June 11 to 24, 2023.

• Ekuverin meaning ‘Friends’.

2. Twin CBG Operation

Why in news - The Navy carried out a massive Carrier Battle Group (CBG) operation involving more than 35 aircraft in the Arabian Sea.

Key Points –

• A CBG is a naval fleet comprising an aircraft carrier and its multiple escort vessels.

• It involved both of India’s aircraft carriers i.e., INS Vikramaditya and INS Vikrant.

• The two carriers served as ‘floating sovereign airfields’.

• INS Vikramaditya is a modified Kiev-class aircraft carrier purchased by India from Russia in 2013.

• Indigenously-built INS Vikrant was inducted in September 2022.


1. International Albinism Awareness Day 2023

Why in news – It is observed annually on June 13.

Key Points –

• Theme 2023 - Inclusion is strength.

About Albinism –

• Rare and genetic conditions that can lead to the absence of melanin production in the human body.

• Lack of pigmentation (melanin) in the hair, skin and eyes, causes vulnerability to the sun and bright light.

• Almost all people with albinism are visually impaired and are prone to developing skin cancer.

• The production of melanin occurs within melanocytes, specialized cells that are present but not fully functional in albino mammals.

• No cure for the absence of melanin.


• Which state has launched the Integrated Water Resources Action Plan 2023-25 – Haryana.

• India has won the Women's Junior Hockey Asia Cup for the first time by defeating which country by 2-1 - To South Korea.

• Which High Court has quashed the Nagaland government's notification banning trade and sale of dog meat - Gauhati High Court (Kohima bench).

• NHRC has posted Director General (Investigation) as Special Human Rights Observer in which state - West Bengal.

• By whom has the Girl Empowerment Mission (GEM)-2023, a four-week residential workshop program for 40 underprivileged rural girls been launched - NTPC Kanti.

• Recently United Nations World Food Programme has temporarily suspended food aid for which country – Ethiopia.

• Which Indian-American has been appointed as the vice president for finance and chief financial officer at Harvard University - Ritu Kalra.

• Who has conducted the first combat trial of Varunastra Torpedo - Indian Navy.

• Recently, Mazagon Dock has tied up with which country for the construction of diesel submarines - Germany.

• Where has the foundation stone of ONGC National Disaster Mitigation Center been laid – Jammu.


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