Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 07.06.2023


1. Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR)

Why in news - Engineers India (EIL) is studying the feasibility of developing salt cavern-based strategic oil reserves in Rajasthan.

Key Points –

• Currently, India has no salt cavern-based oil storage facility.

• Salt cavern-based storage is considered cheaper and less labour- and cost-intensive than rock caverns.

• India has 3 strategic oil storage facilities (rock caverns) –

(a) Mangaluru (Karnataka)

(b) Padur (Karnataka)

(c) Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh)

• India’s new target - expanding its SPR capacity by a cumulative 6.5 million tonnes at two locations –

(a) Chandikhol in Odisha (4 million tonnes)

(b) Padur (2.5 million tonnes).

• India’s SPR come under the Petroleum Ministry’s special purpose vehicle Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve (ISPRL).

Value Addition –

• Reason for building SPRs - to mitigate major supply disruptions in the global supply chain (energy security).

• India’s current SPR capacity - 5.33 million tonnes (39 million barrels of crude) that can meet around 9.5 days of demand.

• India is the world’s 3rd largest consumer of crude oil.

• India depends on imports for more than 85% of its requirement.

• International Energy Agency (IEA) recommends that all countries should hold an emergency oil stockpile sufficient to provide 90 days of import protection.

• Indian scenario in oil stockpile (74 days) –

(a) SPR - 9.5 days.

(b) Oil marketing companies (OMCs) - 64.5 days.

2. Necrophilia

Why in news - Karnataka High Court held that having sexual intercourse with a woman’s dead body will not attract the offence of rape.

Key Points –

• It also recommended amending the provisions of Section 377 of IPC to include dead bodies of men, women, and animals to protect the dignity of the dead.

• As of date, necrophilia is not an offence in India.

About Necrophilia –

• Necrophilia means sexual interest in or sexual contact with dead bodies.

• Psychosexual disorder

• Classified under the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders).

3. Akhand Bharat

Why in news - Bangladesh sought “further clarification” on “Akhand Bharat” mural in new Parliament.

Key Points –

• As per India, mural in question depicts the spread of the Ashokan empire and the idea of responsible and people-oriented governance.

• The official description says: “Between 265 and 238 BC, Ashoka spread the message of Buddhism and got it inscribed at many places”.

About Akhand Bharat –

• Coverage - landmass stretching from today’s Afghanistan to Myanmar and Tibet to Sri Lanka.

• Historian Radha Kumud Mookerji first articulated the idea of Akhand Bharat in 1944 in response to the Muslim League demand for a separate Pakistan.


1. Kakhovka Dam

Why in news - A huge Soviet-era dam on the Dnipro River in southern Ukraine was breached.

Key Points –

• It separated Russian and Ukrainian forces in southern Ukraine.

• It was built in 1956 as part of the Kakhovka hydroelectric power plant.

• It supplies water to the Crimean peninsula and Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant.

• Its volume is about equal to the Great Salt Lake in the U.S. state of Utah.

• Dnieper (Dnipro) originates in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.

2. Iran-Taliban Water Conflict

Why in news - Iran and Afghanistan are locked in a long-standing dispute over the sharing of water from the Helmand River.

Key Points –

• Afghanistan and Iran signed the Helmand River Treaty in 1973 to regulate the allocation of river water.

• It was neither ratified nor fully implemented.

• Taliban claim that there is not enough water to flow from Kajaki dam towards the Iranian border.

About Helmand –

• Afghanistan’s Longest River.

• Origin - Western Hindu Kush mountain range (near Kabul).

• Emptyies into Lake Hamun, which straddles the Afghanistan-Iran border.

• Lake Hamun is the largest freshwater lake in Iran. (Lake Hamun has partially dried up).

3. Kosovo-Serbia Tension

Why in news - Violent clashes between Kosovo’s police and NATO-led peacekeepers on one side and local Serbs on the other erupted.

Key Points –

• 1998-99 conflict in Kosovo claimed more than 10,000 lives and left more than one million homeless.

About the Conflict –

• Kosovo (ethnic Albanian-population), formerly a province of Serbia, declared independence in 2008.

• Serbia has refused to recognize Kosovo’s statehood and still considers it part of Serbia.

• Serbia does not recognise Kosovo’s statehood.

• Kosovo’s independence has been recognized by about 100 countries, including the United States.

• India has not formally recognized Kosovo.

Value Addition –

• Serbia is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe.

• Serbia shares borders with Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Kosovo, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.

• Kosovo lies to Serbia’s southwest.

• Balkan countries - Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania.

• Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Macedonia were once part of Yugoslavia.

• Battle of Kosovo (15 June 1389) - Between Lazar Hrebeljanovic (Serbian prince) and the Murad Hudavendigar (Ottoman Sultan).