Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 22.04.2023


1. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) Scheme

Why in news - Karnataka has bagged the national award for the best implementation of PMFBY for the year 2022-23.

Key Points –

• Rs 687.4 crore of 5.66 lakh farmers have been settled, pending since 2018.

• The Standing Committee on Agriculture (Chairman - Mr. P C Gaddigoudar) submitted its report on “Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana – An Evaluation” in 2021.

About PMFBY –

• Launch date – February 18, 2016.

• By - Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

• A large-scale crop subsidy insurance scheme.

• Aim - to provide financial support to farmers suffering crop loss/damage arising out of natural calamities.

• Coverage - Entire cropping cycle from pre-sowing to post-harvest and midseason adversities.

• Motto - ‘One Nation, One Crop, One Premium’.

• Premium –

• Balance premium - Shared by the Union and state on a 50:50 basis and on a 90:10 basis in the case of northeastern states.

• Exclusion – Loss or damage to notified insured crops due to war, nuclear risks, malicious damage and other preventable risks.

2. Mulapeta Port

Why in news - Andhra Pradesh CM Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy laid the foundation stone for Mulapeta greenfield port in Srikakulam district.

Key Points –

• He also laid the foundations for –

(a) Fishing harbour at Budagatlapalem,

(b) Life irrigation project from Gotta barrage to Hira Mandalam reservoir.

(c) Taking forward the works of Mahendra Tanaya river.

3. Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Border Dispute

Why in news - Assam CM Himanta Biswa Sarma and his Arunachal counterpart Pema Khandu signed an MoU on April 20, 2023 over the border dispute.

Key Points –

• The two states share a roughly 800-kilometre-long border.

• Namsai Declaration (July 15, 2022) - The dispute over 37 of these 123 villages had been resolved.

About the dispute –

• North East Frontier Agency (now Arunachal Pradesh) was carved out of Assam in 1954.

• In 1951, the Gopinath Bordoloi committee recommended “plain” area of Balipara and Sadiya foothills to be transferred from NEFA to Assam.

• When Arunachal was made a Union Territory in 1972 (Statehood - February 20, 1987), it contended that the plains home to hill tribal chiefs were unilaterally transferred to Assam.


1. Overseas Office of AIIB

Why in news - Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) to establish its first overseas office in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Key Points –

• UAE would host United Nations Climate Change Conference 2023 (COP28) in December, 2023.

About AIIB (2016) –

• Headquarters - Beijing.

• 57 founding Members (37 regional and 20 non regional). India is a founding member.

• It has 105 members.

• Largest shareholder – China (26.06%) > India ( 7.5%) > Russia (5.93%) > Germany ( 4.5%).

• Japan and USA are not members of the AIIB.


1. “The Status of Women in Agrifood Systems” Report

Why in news – The report has been released by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Key Points –

• Created by - Inclusive Rural Transformation and Gender Equality Division (ESP) of FAO.

• It highlights the importance of Gender Equality in the Agricultural Sector.

Highlights –

• Closing the gender gap in farm productivity can increase global GDP by 1% or nearly $1 trillion.

• Women make up around 40% of the global agricultural labor force.


1. Fengyun-3 Satellite

Why in news - China successfully launched the Fengyun-3 meteorological satellite into orbit.

Key Points –

• Use - to measure atmospheric precipitation.

• Fengyun-3 is the second generation of Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites.

2. Starship Spacecraft Exploded

Why in news - SpaceX's next-generation Starship spacecraft exploded after its launch on April 20, 2023.

Key Points –

• Rocket used - the Booster (Super Heavy rocket).

• Starship is envisaged as a fully reusable transportation system designed to carry both crew and cargo to Earth orbit, the Moon, Mars and beyond.

• Starship would be the world’s most powerful launch vehicle ever developed.

• Amazon founder Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin is readying the New Glenn rocket for its orbital debut in 2023.


1. Earth Day 2023

Why in news - April 22 is celebrated as Earth Day every year.

Key Points –

• Theme - “Invest in our planet”.

• First Earth day - April 22, 1970.

• Denis Hayes organized the first Earth Day.

• In 2009, the United Nations designated April 22 as ‘International Mother Earth Day’.

Value Addition -

• In a 1969 UNESCO conference, John McConnell proposed a day to honour the Earth and the concept of peace.

• Rachel Carson published her book Silent Spring in 1962. It was thought as the “first shot in the war over the environment.”

• Santa Barbara oil spill 1969 (California, USA) - 3rd largest oil spill after Deepwater Horizon (2010) and Exxon Valdez (1989) spills.

• In 1969, the Cuyahoga River in the United States caught fire. Bellandur lake in Bengaluru routinely catch fire.


1. 3rd Intercontinental Cup 2023

Why in news - 4-team Intercontinental Football Cup to be held in Bhubaneswar from June 9 to 18, 2023.

Key Points –

• Participants - India, Lebanon, Mongolia and Vanuatu.

• Previous two editions - Mumbai (2018) and Ahmedabad (2019).


• Which state assembly has adopted a resolution urging the Centre to increase the quota for Dalit Christians - Tamil Nadu.

• Which country-based Biofire Technologies has developed the world's first biometric handgun to prevent unauthorized access – USA.

• Who has been appointed as Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Tata Electronics. - Randhir Thakur.

• Which country replaced Indonesia as under-20 FIFA World Cup host – Argentina.

• Who has become the first woman officer to receive the Indian Air Force Gallantry Award - Wing Commander Deepika Mishra.

• Which state government has announced 4% reservation for employees with disabilities – Maharashtra.

• The Indian Army has tied up with which university to impart Chinese language training to military personnel - Tezpur University, Assam.

• The Election Commission has introduced the facility to Vote-from-Home (VFH) for people above 80 years of age in which state – Karnataka.

• Who has won the GREEN4SEA Tanker Operator award for its 'leadership role in global tanker management - Synergy Group.

• Miguel Diaz-Canel has been re-elected as president for a second term of which country – Cuba.


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