Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 04.04.2023


1. Plant Fungus

Why in news - A man based in Kolkata became the first case of a potentially deadly fungal infection caused by plants.

Key Points –

• It demonstrates a crossover of plant pathogen into humans when working in close contact with plant fungi.

• Fungus name - Chondrostereum purpureum.

About the Fungus –

• Belongs to the family of Corticiaceae.

• Commonly known as “violet fungus”.

• Causes silver leaf disease in plants, particularly in the rose family.

• Can cause infections in humans through cuts, abrasions or inhalation of spores.

2. Resolution on Hinduphobia

Why in news - The US state of Georgia passed a resolution condemning Hinduphobia and anti-Hindu bigotry.

Key Points –

• Georgia - First American state to bring forth such a measure.

• Resolution introduced by - Representatives Lauren McDonald and Todd Jones.

• Hinduphobia - Prejudice, fear or hatred towards Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism) and Hindus.

3. Cloned Calf named Ganga

Why in news - The National Dairy Research Institute (Karnal, Haryana) has produced the first-ever clone of a calf belonging to the indigenous Gir cow breed.

Key Points –

• Scientists used 3 animals for producing this calf –

(a) Oocyte from the Sahiwal breed.

(b) Somatic cell from the Gir breed.

(c) Surrogate animal was a crossbreed.

• Reproductive cloning – It is a process by which an exact genetic replica, or clone, of an existing organism, is created through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT).

• SCNT – It involves removing the nucleus of an egg cell and replacing it with the nucleus of a somatic cell (a non-reproductive cell) from the organism to be cloned.


1. Ban on ChatGPT

Why in news - Italy temporarily blocked ChatGPT over data privacy concerns.

Key Points –

• Banned by - Italian Data Protection Authority.

• Concern - Whether the chatbot breaches the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

• Italy - First western country to ban ChatGPT.

• Elon Musk joined with other tech elites to sign a letter calling for a 6-month moratorium on the further development of natural language systems more powerful than GPT-4.

• The letter spoke of risks to society and civilisation by “human-competitive” AI systems.

• US firm OpenAI made ChatGPT.

2. Malaria-Free Milestone

Why in news - The World Health Organization (WHO) has certified Azerbaijan and Tajikistan as malaria-free on March 29, 2023.

Key Points –

• With this, WHO officially declared 41 countries and one territory as malaria-free.

• WHO European Region - Two steps closer to becoming the first region in the world to be fully malaria-free.

• WHO certifies a nation as malaria-free when it can provide proof that the malaria transmission cycle has been interrupted for at least the last 3 years.

• Gambusia Affinis Fish – It is called mosquito fish that are important in the Mosquito Control Program.

About Malaria –

• Caused by - Plasmodium parasites.

• Transmitted by – Infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.

• Most dangerous parasites - Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax.

• Parasites proliferate within the liver cells before attacking and rupturing the Red Blood Cells (RBCs).

Global Initiative –

• 'E-2025 Initiative' - WHO has also selected 25 nations with the ability to eliminate malaria by 2025.

• WHO's Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016-2030 - It seeks to decrease malaria case incidence and fatality rates by at least 40% by 2020, 75% by 2025, and 90% by 2030 compared to a 2015 baseline.

3. Oil Production Cuts

Why in news - OPEC+ members announced to further reduce oil production amounting to around 1.16 million barrels per day (bpd).

Key Points –

• Crude oil grade - West Texas Intermediate and Brent Crude Oil.

About OPEC (September 1960, Baghdad, Iraq) -

• Group of the world’s largest oil-producing countries.

• Founding members - Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.

• Currently - 13 member states.

• OPEC+ - 11 allied major oil-producing countries including Russia.

• Account for roughly 40% of the world’s crude oil and 80% of the globe’s oil reserves.


1. International Investment Position (IIP)

Why in news - Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released the India's IIP for the October-December 2022.

Key Points –

• Overseas financial assets of Indian residents rose by USD 28.7 billion due to an increase in reserve assets.

• Reserve assets accounted for 64.3% of India's IIP.

• Net claims of Non-Resident Indians in India declined by $12 billion during (October-December) 2022 and stood at $374.5 billion.


1. World Tree City 2022 list

Why in news - Mumbai has been included in the World Tree City 2022 list, for the second consecutive year.

Key Points –

• Mumbai was honoured by TCW (Tree Cities World) certificate.

• The United Nations Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and Arbor Day Foundation (ADF) conduct the TCW program.

• ADF targets to plant 50 crore trees by 2027.


1. Closest Black Hole to Earth

Why in news - The European Space Agency (ESA) has discovered a new family of black holes.

Key Points –

• Names - Gaia BH1 and Gaia BH2.

• Gaia BH1 - 1560 light-years away in the direction of the constellation Ophiuchus.

• Gaia BH2 - 3800 light-years away in the constellation Centaurus.

• The two black holes were picked up by the wobbles created in the movement of their companion stars.

• Wobble - It means that the stars are not alone and they are orbiting a very massive object, nearly ten times more massive than our Sun.

• Gaia mission (by ESA, 2013) - A global space astrometry mission to build the largest and most precise 3-D map of our Galaxy by surveying nearly two billion objects.


• Which country has invited Prime Minister Narendra Modi to visit Paris in July as the guest of honor for the annual Bastille Day parade – France.

• Which country imposed a fine up to $108,705 for the use of English words in official work – Italy.

• Who has taken over as the Director General Naval Operations (DGNO) - Vice ADM Atul Anand.

• With which organization ISRO has successfully conducted the landing experiment of Reusable Launch Vehicle - DRDO.

• PV Sindhu won which medal in the Madrid Spain Masters Badminton Tournament - Silver Medal.

• In which state the world's third and India's second largest cricket stadium will be built - Jaipur (Rajasthan).

• Aditya Birla Health Insurance has partnered with which bank - UCO Bank.

• Which state's police stood first in the implementation of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) – Haryana.

• Who was appointed as the new Ambassador of India to the country of Greece - Rudrendra Tandon.

• Where was the bilateral maritime exercise SLINEX 2023 held – Colombo.


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