Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 25.03.2023


1. Vienna Convention

Why in news - Pro-Khalistan protestors took down the Indian flag at the High Commission in London.

Key Points –

• On the same day, pro-Khalistani attacked and damaged the Indian Consulate in San Francisco.

• India reminded UK of the basic obligations of the UK Government under the Vienna Convention.

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961) –

• It provides diplomatic immunity that enables diplomats to perform their functions without fear of coercion or harassment by the host country.

• Entered into force on April 24, 1964.

• Nearly universally ratified (exceptions - Palau and South Sudan).

• Article 22 - Obligations with regards to the premises of the Mission. The host nation is accountable for security.

2. Rahul Gandhi Disqualified

Why in news - Wayanad MP Rahul Gandhi’s membership of Parliament has been cancelled after his conviction by a local court in Surat.

Key Points –

• He was disqualified from March 23, 2023 under Article 102(1)(e) of the Constitution of India read with Section 8 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (RoPA).

• He was disqualified from contesting elections for 8 years (2+6 years).

• Section 8(3) of RoPA, 1951 - “a person convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for not less than two years shall be disqualified and shall continue to be disqualified for a further period of six years since his release.

• Lok Prahari v Union of India (2018) - The Supreme Court held that disqualification will be reversed if the conviction is stayed by a court.

• President is the final authority regarding the disqualification of a member of either house of the Parliament after taking the opinion of the Election Commission.

• Presiding officer of the house has the final say in matters of disqualification on the grounds of defection.


1. Gordon Moore

Why in news - Intel Corp co-founder Gordon Moore died at the age of 94.

Key Points –

• Moore’s Law - It predicted a steady rise in computing power for decades.

• In 1968, Moore and Noyce started the memory chip company named Intel.


1. Synthesis Report

Why in news - IPCC released the final report of its 6th assessment cycle known as the Synthesis Report.

Key Points –

• Earth has already warmed an average of 1.1OC since the industrial age.

• The world is on track to breach the 1.5o C global warming limit by the 2030s that would cause irrevocable damage.

• It can be averted by slashing greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030 and completely phase them out by 2050.

• Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a UN-backed body of world’s leading climate scientists.

2. Thanthai Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Why in news - A new wildlife sanctuary (WLS) to come up in Erode, Tamil Nadu.

Key Points –

• This is the 18th wildlife sanctuary (WLS) in Tamil Nadu.

• It acts as a connecting point between Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve and Cauvery South Wildlife Sanctuary.

• Other wildlife sanctuaries in Erode - Vellode Birds Sanctuary and Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (STR).


1. Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) Negotiations

Why in news - India participated in the 2nd Indo-Pacific Economic Framework(IPEF) for Prosperity negotiations in Bali, Indonesia.

Key Points –

• It covered all the four pillars of the IPEF –

(a) Trade (Pillar I)

(b) Supply Chains (Pillar II)

(c) Clean Economy (Pillar III)

(d) Fair Economy (Taxation & Anti-corruption) (Pillar IV).

• India participated in the discussions related to Pillars II to IV.

• First IPEF Round - Brisbane, Australia (December 10-15, 2022).

About IPEF (May 2022) –

• US-led initiative for promoting fair and resilient trade.

• It has 14 members.

• Represent 40% of global GDP and 28% of global goods and services trade.

• It has four pillars. India has joined 3 pillars (except trade).

2. One World TB Summit

Why in news – PM Narendra Modi addressed the One World TB Summit in Varanasi, UP on March 24, 2023.

Key Points –

• He laid the foundation stone of the National Centre for Disease Control & High Containment Laboratory in Varanasi.

• Award for their progress towards ending TB –

(a) States/UTs - Karnataka and Jammu & Kashmir.

(b) Districts - The Nilgiris, Pulwama and Anantnag.

• Executive Director of Stop TB Partnership - Dr Lucica Ditiu.

• India TB Report is released by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.


1. Fire-Resistant Steel

Why in news - Jindal Steel and Power (JSP) has received BIS certification to manufacture India’s first fire-resistant steel.

Key Points –

• To be built at - Rail Mill and Special Profile Mill in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh.

• Uses - High-temperature or fire-prone areas.

• It can withstand temperatures up to 600O C for a maximum duration of 3 hours.


1. International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT)

Why in news - Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated Asia’s largest 4-meter ILMT at Devasthal in Uttarakhand.

Key Points –

• Aim - to detect transient or variable celestial objects such as supernovae, gravitational lenses, space debris, and asteroids.

• Mirror is made up of a thin layer of liquid mercury to collect and focus light.


(a) First liquid mirror telescope designed exclusively for astronomical observations

(b) Largest aperture telescope is available in the country at present

(c) First optical survey telescope in India.

• It is located on the campus of Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital.


1. Abel Prize 2023

Why in news - Luis Caffarelli has won the 2023 Abel Prize.

Key Points –

• He is the first Abel laureate from South America (Argentina).

• It recognizes pioneering scientific achievements in mathematics.

• It is considered to be an equivalent of the Nobel prize which does not have a category for mathematics.

• It was first awarded in 2003.


1. 2nd AFINDEX 2023

Why in news - Africa-India Field Training Exercise (AFINDEX 2023) began in Pune.

Key Points –

• Venue - Aundh Military Station, Pune.

• Focus - Humanitarian Mine Assistance and United Nations Peacekeeping Operation.

• 24 African militaries participated.

• AMRUT - Africa-India Militaries for Regional Unity.


1. Gaja Mitras

Why in news - West Bengal (WB) has launched “Gajamitra (Friends of Elephants)” to check the human-elephant conflict (HEC).

Key Points –

• WB appointed 600 local youth from HEC-prone pockets.

2. Advocates Protection Law

Why in news - Rajasthan became the first state in India to enact a law protecting lawyers.

Key Points –

• It prohibits assault, grievous hurt, criminal force and criminal intimidation on Advocates in connection with the discharge of duties in the court premises.


1. Justice Vinod Chandran

Why in news - Justice Vinod Chandran has been appointed as the new Chief Justice of Patna High Court (HC).

Key Points –

• Currently, he is a senior judge of the Kerala HC.

• He would replace acting Chief Justice of Patna HC Chakradhari Charan Singh.

• His retirement is due on April 24, 2025.

• The post was vacant after the elevation of Patna HC Chief Justice Sanjay Karol as a judge in the Supreme Court.

2. Radiation Monitoring

Why in news - A sensor for continuously recording of gamma terrestrial radiation levels has been installed at Patna.

Key Points –

• Indigenously developed by Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Mumbai.

• This is the first such installation in eastern India.

• 4 more instruments to be installed at Valmikinagar, Purnia, Bhagalpur and Gaya.

• Uses - to study the background environmental radiation, terrestrial radiation as well those of cosmic origin.

• Data would also be utilized to study the emission pattern of gamma ray radiation during thunderstorms.

• In case of any nuclear emergency, this network would be helpful in quickly locating the source area.

• The sensors are being installed under the Indian Environmental Radiation Monitoring Network (IERMON) project of the Department of Atomic Energy.


• Who has taken over as the new CEO of Starbucks - Laxman Narasimhan.

• Indian Army has signed an MoU with organization for setting up of Hydrogen based micro grid power plant project - NTPC Renewable Energy Ltd.

• Who has won the 'Christopher Martin Jenkins Spirit of Cricket Award 2022' - Asif Sheikh.

• Which state has become the first state to pass the Right to Health Bill - Rajasthan.

• In which state the National Sports University has been established - Manipur (Imphal).

• Which department will set up a task force for formulating a framework to determine logistics costs in the country - Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (Ministry of Commerce and Industry).

• Which ministry has launched the 'City Finance Ranking 2022' – Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

•'MV Ram Prasad Bismil' recently became the longest vessel ever to sail on which river - Brahmaputra.

• Recently, SBI has announced to set up Innovation, Incubation and Acceleration Center in which city – Hyderabad.

• Which country has developed a "Relativistic Klystron Amplifier (RKA)", able to destroy satellites in space – China.


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