Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 16.03.2023


1. Methanol-Run Buses

Why in news – Bengaluru's first methanol-run bus was unveiled by Nitin Gadkari on March 12, 2023.

Key Points –

• Pilot trial of –

(a) MD15 - diesel with 15% methanol.

(b) M100 – 100% methanol.

• On October 5, 2018, Assam Petrochemicals launched Asia’s first canister-based methanol cooking fuel program.
Methanol Economy (by NITI Aayog) –

• Methanol is a low-carbon, hydrogen carrier fuel.

• Produced from - high ash coal, agricultural residue, CO2 from thermal power plants and natural gas.

• It is slightly lower in energy content than petrol and diesel.

• Uses –

(a) Transport sector (road, rail and marine)

(b) Energy sector (boilers, Diesel Generator Sets)

(c) Retail cooking (replacing LPG [partially], kerosene and wood charcoal).

• 15% methanol blending - 15% reduction in the import of gasoline/crude oil and 20% reduction in GHG emissions.

• Di-methyl Ether (DME) is a derivative of methanol used in LPG.


1. Greensand Project

Why in news – Denmark became the first nation in the world to bury carbon dioxide (CO2) imported from abroad under its Greensand project.

Key Points –

• It stored carbon dioxide 1,800 metres beneath the North Sea.

• The project aims to store up to 8 million tonnes of CO2 per year by 2030.


1. Cryptocurrency Trade Under PMLA

Why in news – Finance Ministry brought casinos, cryptocurrencies and other virtual digital assets trade under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA).

Key Points –

• Provision - Any individual or group who holds about 10% ownership in a 'reporting entity' would be seen as the beneficial owner (earlier - 25% ownership).

• Reporting entities - Banks and financial institutions, firms (e.g., real estate and jewellery).

• PMLA was passed to show India’s commitment to the Vienna Convention on combating money laundering, drug trafficking, and countering the financing of terror (CFT).


1. International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA)

Why in news – India has proposed to launch a mega global alliance under its leadership to protect big cats.

Key Points –

• Funding - $100 million (over Rs 800 crore) over 5 years.

• Animals covered – 7 major big cats i.e., tiger, lion, leopard, snow leopard, puma, jaguar and cheetah.

• Membership to the alliance would be open to 97 “range” countries, other interested nations, international organisations, etc.

• India is the only country in the world to have tigers, lions, leopards, snow leopards and cheetahs in the wild. (except the pumas and jaguars).

Value Addition –

• Tiger population (2018 census) – 2967, 70% of the world’s tiger population.

• Asiatic Lion population (2020 census) – 674.

• Gir National Park (Gujarat) is the last abode of the Asiatic Lions in the world.

• Snow Leopard population – 500.

• Spread over J&K, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.

• Cheetah – 8 from Namibia and 12 from South Africa were introduced in Kuno National Park (MP).


1. 5th ASEAN-India Business Summit 2023

Why in news – It was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on March 6, 2023.

Key Points –

• Theme - “Strengthening and Moving Forward ASEAN – India Economic Relations for the strategic business partnership”.

• Rajeev Chandrasekhar addressed the summit.

• It was part of the ASEAN-India Year of Friendship (2022).


1. Megha Tropiques-1 Satellite

Why in news – ISRO brought down the satellite in a controlled manner after its end of life.

Key Points –

• It was the first time that ISRO attempted such a manoeuvre to clear out space debris.

• Kessler syndrome – A scenario where the amount of space debris reaches a point where they just create more with one collision triggering others.

• The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) (1993) - to co-ordinate efforts to deal with debris in orbit around the Earth founded in 1993.

About Megha Tropiques-1-

• Weather satellite

• It was developed as a joint mission by Indian and French space agencies.

• Launched by PSLV in 2011.

• It provided data on water cycle and energy exchanges in the tropics.


1. Sachin Tendulkar

Why in news – Savlon India appointed Sachin Tendulkar as the world's first “Hand Ambassador” for its Swasth India Mission.

Key Points –

• Aim - to inspire billions to practice proper handwashing.

2. PEN/Nabokov Lifetime Achievement Award 2023

Why in news – Vinod Kumar Shukla has won the PEN America award for lifetime achievement in literature.

Key Points –

• His work – 1st Novel ---Naukar Ki Kameez (1979) and Poetry collection - Sab Kuch Hona Bacha Rahega (1992).

• It is also called “the Oscars for books”.


1. 5th Jan Aushadhi Diwas 2023

Why in news – 5th Jan Aushadhi Diwas was celebrated on March 7, 2023.

Key Points –

• Theme - “Jan Aushadhi – Sasti bhi Acchi bhi”.

• Organised by - Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Pharmaceuticals & Medical Devices Bureau of India (PMBI).

• PMBI implements Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).


1. Yaoshang Festival

Why in news – The 5-day-long Yaoshang festival held in Manipur.

Key Points –

• It is Manipur’s version of Holi.

• They perform Thabal chongba. It is a Manipuri folk dance of Meitei tribe.

• Yaosang Mei thaba means Burning of the Straw Hut.


1. Self-Employment Scheme for Single Women

Why in news – Uttarakhand rolled out a self-employment scheme for single women.

Key Points –

• Earlier, Uttarakhand granted 30% reservation in public services to women domiciled in Uttarakhand.


1. State Sports Awards and Honors Scheme

Why in news – Bihar government has formulated the scheme to honor sports personalities.

Key Points –

• Aim – to honour state’s winning players and coaches in national and international sports competitions.

• Provision –

• A 9-member selection committee has been formed under the chairmanship of the Director General of the State Sports Authority for the selection of players.

• They would be honored on National Sports Day every year on August 29.

2. G20 Meeting in Patna

Why in news – G-20 group meeting to be held in Patna on June 22 – 23, 2023.

Key Points –

• Venue - Samrat Ashoka Convention Centre.

• The Art and Culture Department has been made the nodal agency for the G-20 event.

• The delegates would also be taken on a tour of major places including Patna, Bodh Gaya, Rajgir and Vaishali etc.


• Which bank has partnered with ITC to introduce Rural Lending products to farmers. - Axis Bank.

• Which Indian state hosted the Global Responsible Tourism Summit – Kerala.

• Which country will appoint the “Tech Envoy” to the Indo-Pacific – Britain.

• Who has been appointed as the first Indian American judge in the New York Court - Arun Subramaniam.

• Mimeusemia ceylonica, a rare moth species which was last recorded in Sri Lanka 127 years ago, has been rediscovered in which Indian state – Tamil Nadu.

• Which telecom brand has become the second strongest telecom brand in the world - Reliance Jio.

• According to the National Statistical Office (NSO), the annual per capita (Net National Income) at current prices has become how much in 2022-23 - Rs 1,72,000.

• The National Commission for Minorities has evacuated all the Indians stranded in which country – Libya.

• Where has the Chief Election Commissioner inaugurated the Vote Fest 2023 – Bangalore.

• Which neighboring country of India has tied up with ISA to increase the use of solar energy – Bangladesh.


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