Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 24.02.2023


1. Ajay Banga

Why in news – US President Biden has nominated Ajay Banga to be the next president of the World Bank.

Key Points –

• Ajay Banga is the first Indian-born nominee for the World Bank presidency.

• Current President David Malpas announced his resignation recently.

• World bank has historically been headed by someone from the United States while a European heads the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

About Mr Banga -

• He is former Mastercard CEO.

• Banga currently serves as Vice Chairman of General Atlantic, a private equity firm.

• His family’s roots are from Jalandhar, Punjab.

• In 2016, the Indian government awarded Banga with a Padma Shri.

2. HC Judgments in Regional Language

Why in news - The Kerala High Court became the first high court to publish judgments in the regional language (Malayalam).

Key Points –

• Judges - Chief Justice S Manikumar and Justice Shaji P Chaly.

• The Kerala High Court made use of SUVAS to translate the judgments.

• Earlier CJI DY Chandrachud announced that judgments of the Supreme Court would be translated in to four languages -Hindi, Gujarati, Odia, and Tamil.

About SUVAS -

• Full form - Supreme Court Vidhik Anuvaad Software.

• Aim - to translate judicial documents from English to nine vernacular languages and vice versa.

• SUVAS is an Artificial Intelligence (AI) based tool.

3. ‘Real Shiv Sena’ Dispute

Why in news - EC recognized Shiv Sena faction led by Maharashtra CM Eknath Shinde as the real Shiv.

Key Points –

• The party name and symbol of ‘Bow and Arrow’ would be retained by the Shinde group.

• EC relied on the “test of majority” to determine which faction would get to use the name ‘Shiv Sena’.

• Test of majority - Shinde had the support of 40 out 67 MLAs and MLCs, and 13 out of 22 MPs.

• Two other criteria for such decision - A test of party constitution and a test of aims and objects.

• Sadiq Ali case (1971) -

• A dispute arose between two factions of the Congress to get the party’s name and symbol.

• EC ruled that the faction backed by Indira Gandhi was the real Congress that was subsequently upheld by the Supreme Court.


1. New START Treaty

Why in news - Russia suspended its participation in the New START nuclear arms reduction treaty with the United States.

Key Points –

• It is the last remaining major military agreement with the United States.

• Reason - Vladimir Putin accused the West of being directly involved in attempts to attack its strategic air bases.

About New START:

• Full form - Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.

• START-I was signed between the US and the erstwhile USSR in 1991, and came into force in 1994.

• New START treaty entered into force on February 5, 2011 and was extended in 2021 for 5 more years (till February 4, 2026).

2. New UN Resolution on Ukraine

Why in news - The UN General Assembly approved a nonbinding resolution on Feb 23, 2023 calling Russia to end hostilities in Ukraine.

Key Points –

• Feb 24, 2023 - First anniversary of Moscow invasion.

• It was passed by 141-7 vote with 32 abstentions.

• India and China abstained.

3. Ban on Caste Discrimination

Why in news - Seattle became the first city in the US to bring in legislation banning caste-based discrimination.

Key Points –

• It was approved by the Council by 6-1 vote (lone dissenter - Sara Nelson).

• The resolution was moved by Kshama Sawant, a Seattle City council member.

• In December 2019, Brandeis University near Boston became the first US college to include caste in its non-discrimination policy.


1. Suposhit Maa Abhiyan

Why in news – PM Narendra Modi has praised the initiative of ‘Suposhit Maa’ by Lok Sabha speaker Om Birla.

Key Points –

• In March 2020, Om Birla launched this initiative in Kota, Rajasthan.

• Aim - To keep every mother and child healthy.

• 1,000 kits of a 17 kg balanced diet were provided to 1,000 pregnant women in the first phase of the campaign.


1. Gross Domestic Climate Risk

Why in news - Australia-based Cross Dependency Initiative (XDI) released the report showing high risk of damage to the built environment due to climate change hazards.

Key Points –

• It assessed the physical climate risk in over 2,600 states and provinces around the world in 2050.

• 80% of the top 50 most at-risk states and provinces in 2050 are in China, the US and India.

• Guangzhou - The most economically vulnerable city in the world" to sea level rise by 2050.

• Florida - Only non-Chinese state in the top 10.

• 9 states in India are among the top 50 regions in the world.

• 9 states - Punjab, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala and Gujarat.

• Most vulnerable (India) – Bihar (22nd), Uttar Pradesh (25th) and Assam (28th).


1. Ama KrushAI

Why in news - India’s first AI chatbot for the agriculture sector - Ama KrushAI was launched at ‘Krushi Odisha 2023’.

Key Points –

• It would help farmers with the best agronomic practices, government schemes and loan products.


1. 13th Sansad Ratna Awards 2023

Why in news - 13 MPs, 2 Parliamentary Committees and 1 Lifetime Achievement honour would be awarded during the 13th edition.

Key Points –

• Prominent Awardees –

• Manoj Kumar Jha (From RS) (RJD, Bihar).

• Vishambhar Prasad Nishad (Samajwadi Party, UP).

• Sukanta Majumdar (BJP, West Bengal). Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury (INC, West Bengal)

• Two Committees –

• Finance Committee (Lok Sabha, under BJP’s Jayant Sinha)

• Transport, Tourism and Culture Committee (Rajya Sabha, under YSR Congress’s V Vijayasai Reddy).

• Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Lifetime Achievement Award - T K Rangarajan (former Rajya Sabha MP for two terms and a Senior CPIM Leader).

About the Awards –

• Instituted in 2010. First edition was launched in Chennai.

• Inspired by the teachings of former President APJ Abdul Kalam.

• Brainchild of K Srinivasan. He founded the Prime Point Foundation in 1999.

• The awards were started with support from IIT Madras.


1. 15th ELECRAMA 2023

Why in news - It was held at the India Expo Mart, Greater Noida on 18th February 2023.

Key Points –

• It is the World's largest electrical show by IEEMA.

• The Indian Electrical & Electronics Manufacturers' Association (IEEMA) is the apex association of the Indian electrical equipment manufacturing industry.

• IEEMA has commissioned a study on “New Energies Electrical and Electronics equipment landscapes 2030” for Green Hydrogen (GH2) value chain. The report was unveiled during ELECRAMA.


• Who has been appointed as the new Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) - Dr. Rajeev Raghuvanshi.

• The construction of which tunnel has been approved by the Union Cabinet to provide all-weather connectivity in Ladakh - Shinku La Tunnel.

• Which ministry will organize the first Global Tourism Investment Summit in New Delhi - Ministry of Tourism.

• Where has India's first Maritime Spatial Planning Framework been launched as part of a pact under the Indo-Norway Integrated Ocean Initiative – Puducherry.

• Which cricketer became the fastest Indian to take the double of 250 wickets and 2,500 runs in Test cricket- Ravindra Jadeja.

• Justice Sonia Gokani has recently become the first woman Chief Justice of which state - Gujarat.

• Who has been honoured with the “Akbar Kakkattil Award” of Kerala - Subhash Chandran (novel Samudrashila).

• Government announced to set up how many labs to develop applications using 5G services – 100.

• Who recently inaugurated Nano Urea Liquid Plants of IFFCO at Aonla and Phulpur in Uttar Pradesh - Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya.

• Recently, the central government approved the formation of how many new ITBP battalions for the security of the Indo-China border – 7.


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