Though Bihar Public Service Commission have retained only one optional in its civil service examination yet the optional subject has been a decisive component in many ways .In this new scheme the optional now carries ,Marks and play a significant role in obtaining good score in mains.
Obviously selection of optional, preparation and securing good marks is a tricky task but is essential to enhance the probability of selection .Availability of quality reference material and classes which are easy to understand with the help of PPT slides, educational videos, handouts etc is undoubtedly an essential tool to understand emerging and popular subject such as sociology.
Why one should opt for Sociology Optional for BPSC? A Key to Success
First and foremost the nature of subjects such as sociology is such that it does not require any particular knowledge or academic background as students from various fields Be it science Arts commerce students from engineering backgrounds medical background or others can skim through the subject with ease just 64th BPSC have shown that students with contrasting subjects to their graduation have done fairly good when it’s come to success in BPSC.
Advantages of Sociology:
(a) It is a scoring subject as seen in last 3 to 4 years it is having stable performance and giving fairly good marks as compared to other optional subjects.
(b) Sociology is an interesting subject as it involves study of mankind in social environment the evolution of society culturally biologically and socially is crux of the subject.
(c) The consistent results with Sociology have shown that it is easy to graphs especially for science graduates but also non-science students who have performed very well with special efforts on diagrammatic representation of Sociology concept.
(d) The biggest reason to take sociology as a subject is that in BPSC examinations as well as in UPSC examination around 80% to 90% of questions are straight forward. It is evident from last five years question paper of the subject.
Understanding of Syllabus:
Sociology is divided into two papers:
Paper one/section 1:
Section 1 consist of general sociology which is designed to test the basic understanding of the subject topics such as scientific study to social phenomena pioneering contribution to sociology social structure and social organisation and topics such as family marriage kinship test very basic understanding of the theme of the subject and almost all The question in this section is straightforward that is directly from syllabus.
The information of section 2 is towards Indian sociology that is it talks about Society of India and concept Peculiar to Indian society such as social stratification; political system; educational system tribal societies, social change and organisation etcetera.
Preparation of Sociology for BPSC Mains:
It is highly advisable to start preparation at least one year before attempt is to be taken.
(a) At least three readings of the whole syllabus before films examination need to be completed so that after prelims the focus should be towards answer enhancement exercises.
(b) Answer writing he’s a very fruitful exercise which will not only come handy in sociology optional but it realms reach up to general studies and other sections of the examination too.
(c) It is the strength of sociology that student preparing for the subject will automatically find themselves in a place where answer writing skill would be enhanced.
(d) Mock test are inseparable part of the examination which is duly provided by Perfection IAS untie mock sheets are checked by the expert faculties.
Book List for Sociology Optional:
Given the paucity of material when it comes to BPSC examination as almost all of the material present in the market his focus towards UPSC examination. We at Perfection IAS have and invest material notes on Sociology which is especially dedicated to BPSC optional subject.
It is highly advisable for the students that they should not involve themselves in book shopping and the number of books specially for the Optional should be as minimum as possible. It is highly advisable also that student should not go for UPSC materials to prepare optional subject for BPSC.
Notes preparation with the help of dedicated classes which should be strictly topic wise should be undertaken. Sociology books of class 11th to 12th NCERT is an absolute essential. The collection of previous year question is also going to be a boon for the students.
Sociology Book List:
(1) An introduction to sociology by DS Sachdev
(2) Indians social problem by CN Sankar Rao
(3) Social problem in India by Ram Ahuja
(4) Any good dictionary of Sociology
(5) Sociology Notes 1 prepared by Perfection IAS
(6) Sociology class notes at Perfection IAS
How to write good answer in Sociology?
First understanding the concept thoroughly is key to writing good answers mistakes should not be done while writing definition and therefore definition and coats of different sociologist must be memorised.
(a) Try to write holistic answer: It is absolutely essential to understand what a holistic answer is and how it is different from incomplete answers. A holistic answer covers each angle or expects of question that is definition. Meaning debate examples application character sticks etcetera. It also contains name of different sociologist wherever needed almost every concept in sociology has a sociologist related with it one should not forget to mention the name of such sociologists.
(b) Drawing diagram flowchart makes your answer of self Explanatory.
(c) Giving heading and subheading improve the presentation of your answer and draws attention of paper checker two important headlines similarly underlining important words examples names can also be done.
(d) Preparing notes from current affairs and linking it with Sociology could add medical to your answer this is done in sociology classes which in hands the quality of answer with recent examples case studies data is report Of committees et cetera One should also avoid writing unnecessary information.
(e) Lastly while writing answers for paper II Mansoor try to link them with the concepts in paper one has almost 70% of the syllabus is interlinked and sometimes same.
Importance of Diagram and Flow Chart:
As explained earlier students should focus on ease of answer checking as marks is given for self explain a tree answer topics in sociology such as family marriage kinship et cetera have associated diagrams.
Students should have a dedicated drawing copy on at least each main topic covered in the syllabus practising diagram is also an essential part of preparation.
The advantage of diagram is that it is catchy and provide more information and also saves examiners time.
Syllabus of Sociology for BPSC:
(1) Scientific Study of Social phenomena- Emergence of Sociology and its relationship with other disciplines, their scope and approaches. Science and Study of social behavior, the problems of objectivity, reliability and validity. Scientific methods and scientific language; their meaning, goals, types; elements and features. Research Design Techniques of data collection and analysis, Attitude measurements; problems and scales. Concept of social causation with special reference to R.M.Mac’ver.
(2) Pioneering Contributions to Sociology- Theoretical beginnings- Positivism and evolutionism with reference to Comte, Spencer and Morgan; Historical Sociology contributions of Karl Mark, Maxweber and P.A. Sorokin; Functionalism; E. Durkheim, P.areto. Parsons and Merton, Conflict School; Gumplowicz Dahrenderf and Coser; 88 Recent approaches in Sociology, Micro Sociology, Macro Sociology, Middle Range theories, Neopostitvism, Exchange theories and Interactions Sociology.
(3) Social Structure and Social Organçation- Concept and types approaches to Social Structure; Structural functionalist school, Structuralist school and Marxist School: Elements of Social Structure-Individual and society; social interaction; social groups, concept and types; concept of status and role, their determinants and types, dimensions of roles in simple and complex societies, role conflict; Social Network; Basic concepts and types, culture and personality, concepts of conformity and social control, agencies of social control; concept of Minority Groups, their relationship with majority; Secularism versus Integration.
(4) Social Stratification and Mobility- Concept, consequences and types of stratification; inequality and stratification, Dimensions and bases of stratification; Theoretical approaches to the study of stratification, functionalist approach and conflict approach; Social Stratification and Social Mobility; Concept of Sankskritçation and Westernçation. Types of Mobility: intergenerational mobility, vertical versus horçontal mobility, open and closed models of mobility.
(5) Family marriage and Kinship- Structure, functions and types of family marriage and kinship; social change and change in age and sex roles; change in marriage, family and kinship; significance of family in industrial society.
(6) Formal origination- Elements of formal and informal structures and originations, bureaucracy functions, dysfunctions and characteristics, bureaucracy and political development, political socialisation and political participation, modes of participation, democratic and authoritarian forms, voluntary originations.
(7) Economic System- Property concepts, social dimensions of division of labour, type of exchange, social aspects of pre- industrial and industrial economic systems, industrialization and changes in the political, educational religious, familiar and stratification spheres; social determinants and consequences of economic development.
(8) Political Systems- Concepts, elements and types of political systems: functions of a political system, institutions under the political system; political processes with reference to individuals, groups, political originations, parties and other agencies. Concepts, bases and types of power, authority and legitimacy, Concept of Stateless societies; political socialization versus political participation and properties of State. Power of elites, and masses in democracy and in totalitarian societies, political parties and voting, Leadership democratic order and democratic stability.
(9) Educational Systems- Concepts and goals of education; Schools of philosophy;- Naturalism, Idealism and pragmatism, their bearing on education; importance of education in society, democracy, international understanding and nationalism. New trends in education; Role of various agencies-school home society state and religion in education and socialization. Population Education- its concepts and components, Education as a medium of cultural reproduction, indoctrination, social stratification, mobility and modernization.
(10) Religion- The religious phenomenon; the concepts of sacred and protan, social functions and dysfunctions of religion, magic religion and science, social change and religious secularization.
(11) Social change and development- Factors of social change, economic, biological and technological; Theories of social change- evolutionary, functional and conflict; social change, modernization and development; Democratization equality and social justice; social reconstruction.
Society of India
(1) Indian Society- Features of traditional Hindu Social Organisation, Socio-cultural dynamics through the ages, impact of Buddhism, Islam and West on Indian Society, factors in continuity and change.
(2) Social Stratification- Caste system and its transformation, Economic Structural and Cultural view about Caste, origin of the Caste system, issues of inequality and social justice among Hindu and Non-Hindu castes, Caste mobility, Casteism, Backward caste versus Backward Classes, Scheduled Caste and untouchability, changes among Scheduled Castes, eradication of untouchability, industrial and agrarian class structures, rising trends in inter caste relations in Bihar under the impact of Mandal Commission and its reservation policy.
(3) Family, Marriage and Kinship: Regional variation in Kinship system and its socio-cultural correlates, changing aspects of Kinship, The joint family system its structural and functional aspects, its changing form and disorgançation, Marriage among various ethnic groups, economic and Caste categories, its changing trend in future, impact of legislation and socioeconomic changes upon family and marriage, inter caste marriages-causes and consequences in Bihar intergeneration gap and youth unrest, changing status of women, women and social development.
(4) Economic System: Jajmani System and its bearing on the traditional society, Market economy and its social consequences, occupational diversification and social structure, professional Trade Unions, Social determinants and consequences of economic development, Economic inequalities, exploitation and corruption; causes of economic backwardness in Bihar, potentialities of economic growth in Bihar, Relationship between economic growth and social development with specific reference to Bihar.
(5 )Political System: Functioning of a democratic political system in a traditional society, political parties and their social composition, origin of political elites and their social orientation, decentralization of power, political participation, voting pattern in Bihar, relevance of Caste, community and economic factor in voting behavior in Bihar, its changing trends, Functions dysfunctions and characteristics of India Bureaucracy, Bureaucracy and political development in India, concept of mass society, Socio-political sources of mass movement in India.
(6) Educational System: Education and society in the traditional and modern contexts, educational inequality and change, education and social mobility, educational problems of women, Backward Classes and the Scheduled Castes, causes of educational backwardness in Bihar, Functional and dysfunctional aspects of Mushroom growth of institutions in Bihar; Prospects and problems of higher education in Bihar, New educational Policies, Mass.
(7) Religion: Demographic dimensions, geographical distribution and neighborhood, living patterns of major religious categories; Interreligious inter-actions and its manifestations in the problems of conversion Minority status, communications and secularism; impact of various religious Movement in India. (Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Brahmoism and Arya Samaj movement on caste system in India; westernization and modernization in Bihar; the cohesive and decisive factors, impact of growing religious and politics interrelationship of India’s social organisation.
(8) Tribal societies: Major tribal communities in India, their distinctive features; tribe and case their acculturation and integration; problem of Bihar tribes (social, economic and Political), different approaches to tribal welfare, constitutional and governmental safeguards; tribal movements in India. The Tanabhagat movement, the Birsa movement and the Jharkhand movement, their significance in tribal development.
(9) Rural social system and community development: Social cultural dimensions of the village community, traditional power structure, democratçation and leadership, poverty, indebtedness and bonded labour, social consequences of land reforms, community Development Programme and other planned development projects of Green Revolution, New strategies of rural development.
(10) Urban Social Origination: Continuity and change in the traditional causes of social organçation, namely Kinship, Caste and religion in the urban context, stratification and mobility in urban communities, ethnic diversity and community integration, urban neighbourhoods; rural urban differences in demographic and social cultural characteristics and their social consequences.
(11) Population Dynamics: Theories of population growth Malthusian, biological, demographic transition, optimum population socio-cultural aspects of population composition (sex, age, martial status), determinants of fertility, mortality and migration. Need of population policy in India; population explosion and other determinants factors; social psychological cultural and ecomic determinants behind population acceptance of family planning practices in India. Family Planning Programmer through first to eighth five year plans; population education; concept, goals, aspects, agencies and techniques of population education.
(12) Social Change and modernçation: Problems of role conflict youth unrest- intergenerational gap, changing status of women. Major sources of social change and of resistance to change, impact of west reform movements, social movements, industrialçation and urbançation pressure groups, factors of planned change, five year plans legislative of executive measures; process of change sanskritçation, westernçation and modernçation means of modernçation man media and education, problems of change and modernçation, structural contradictions and break-downs. Current social evils-corruption and Nepotism Smugglling, Black Money.