Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 12.05.2023


1. Report “Born too Soon: Decade of Action on Pre-term Birth”

Why in news – As per the report, global progress on mitigating maternal as well as newborn deaths has been stagnant since 2015.

Key Points –

• Highest absolute maternal and neonatal deaths and stillbirths –

(a) India (788,000 total deaths)

(b) Nigeria (540,000 deaths)

(c) Pakistan (474,000).

• India is placed at the top accounting for 17% of global maternal deaths, stillbirths and neonatal births.

• Global pre-term birth rate - 9.9% in 2020 (9.8% in 2010).

• Reasons - “four Cs” – conflict, climate change, COVID-19 and the cost-of-living crisis.

• This indicates a “silent emergency” for children’s survival and health.

• An improvement in reducing Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by 11.9% is required in the next decade to meet global targets of an MMR equivalent to 70 deaths per 1,000 live births.

• Neonatal mortality rate (NMR) needs to be reduced by another 7.2% between 2022 and 2030 to meet the global target of ending newborn mortality.

Value Addition -

• Report released by – WHO and United Nations Children’s Fund and Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH).

• PMNCH is the world’s largest alliance for women, children and adolescents.

• India has launched India Newborn Action Plan and Rashtriya Bal Suraksha Karyakram and has set up many Speciality Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) across the country.

• Pre-term births in India - West Bengal (16%) > Tamil Nadu (14%) > Gujarat (9%).

2. Hare Krishna Tower

Why in news – Telangana CM K Chandrasekhar Rao laid the foundation for the Hare Krishna Movement's Heritage Tower.

Key Points –

• Location – Hyderabad.

• Height - 400 feet (120 meters).

• Project cost - Rs 200 crore.

• It would highlight the Telangana heritage in the form of Kakatiya architectural elements.

3. Lithium Reserves in Rajasthan

Why in news – The Geological Survey of India (GSI) said that reports of large lithium reserves being identified in Rajasthan were “baseless”.

Key Points –

• Media reports of finding of large lithium reserves in the Degana area, Nagaur district, Rajasthan are completely baseless and misleading”.

• GSI is carrying out exploration for tungsten, lithium and associated rare metals in the Degana area, Nagour district, Rajasthan, since 2019-20.

• Earlier this 2023, 5.9 million tonnes of lithium reserves were found in Jammu and Kashmir by the GSI.

About Lithium –

• Top reserves - Chile, Australia and Argentina.

• Top producer – Australia.

• Uses - lithium ion batteries, lubricating grease, high energy additive, rocket propellants, and optical modulators for mobile phones.

• Used in electric car batteries because of its lightness and energy density.

• “Prescribed substance” under the Atomic Energy Act, 1962.

• “Lithium triangle” - Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina (contain half the world’s known Lithium).


1. Syria Reinstated

Why in news – The Arab League voted to reinstate Syria’s membership after its suspension more than 10 years ago.

Key Points –

• Syria was ousted in 2011 following President Bashar al-Assad’s brutal crackdown on pro-democracy protests.

• Jordanian Initiative - Process of bringing Damascus back into the Arab fold.

• Arab League Summit 2023 - Saudi Arabia (May 19).

• Beijing Accord - Iran and Saudi Arabia agreed for resumption of diplomatic relations.

About Arab League (1945) –

• Founders - Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.

• Currently - 22 member.

• Aim - to cooperate on economic and military affairs.


1. 27th FSDC

Why in news – Nirmala Sitharaman chaired the 27th meeting of the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC).

Key Points –

• She advised regulators must take appropriate and timely action to mitigate any vulnerability and strengthen financial stability.


• Under Ministry of Finance.

• Purpose - to deal with macro-prudential and financial regularities across the country's whole banking system.

• Autonomous body established by executive order in 2010. (Proposed by Raghuram Rajan Committee in 2008).

• Chairman - Finance Minister.

• Other Members: Heads of financial sector regulators (RBI, SEBI, PFRDA, IRDA, and FMC), Finance Secretary, Chief Economic Adviser etc.


1. Bharat Ratna Dr Ambedkar Award

Why in news – Former President Ram Nath Kovind honoured UP CM Yogi Adityanath with the Bharat Ratna Dr. Ambedkar Award.

Key Points –

• Reason - for creating a fear-free Uttar Pradesh.

• Member of the UP legislative council Lalji Prasad Nirmal received the award on behalf of Yogi Adityanath.

• The award ceremony was organized at Shanmukhananda Auditorium in Mumbai.


1. International Day of Plant Health 2023

Why in news – It is observed on 12 May to raise global awareness on how protecting plant health can help end hunger, protect biodiversity and boost economic development.

Key Points –

• Theme – “Plant Health for Environmental Protection”.

• Plants give 80% of the food we eat and 98% of the oxygen we breathe.

• It was established in 2022 by the United Nations. The idea was promoted by Zambia.

• As per the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), around 40% food crops get damaged annually due to diseases and pests.

IPPC (1951) –

• Formulates action plans to prevent and control the introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products.

• Overseen by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO).

Value Addition –

• Crop yield losses due to insects and other pests in India –


1. Book “The Indian Metropolis: Deconstructing India’s Urban Spaces”

Why in news – The book written by Feroze Varun Gandhi was published.

Key Points –

• The book examines the challenges facing India’s urban spaces, including poverty, inequality, crime, and environmental degradation.


1. Global Sponsor of ICC

Why in news – Mastercard has reportedly replaced BharatPe as the global sponsor of the International Cricket Council (ICC).

Key Points –

• It also secured title sponsorship rights of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) international and domestic home fixtures from Paytm.

• Mastercard is American multinational financial services corporation.


1. Pod Taxi

Why in news – India's first pod taxi project to start in Uttar Pradesh.

Key Points –

• It is also known as the Personalised Rapid Transit.

• Connect - Noida international Airport in Jewar to the Film City in sector 21.

• Estimated cost of the project - Rs 810 crore.

• Likely be completed by the end of 2024.

• It already exists in Dubai, Singapore, and Heathrow Airport in London.

About Pod Taxi –

• Electric vehicles and driverless modes of transport.

• Small automated cars designed to transport a handful of passengers at a much faster speed.


• Which state government launched India's first State Robotics Framework – Telangana.

• India and which country agreed to enhance cooperation for coordinated investment promotion and information exchange – Canada.

• MyGov in collaboration with which ministry launched “YUVA PRATIBHA – Painting Talent Hunt” - Ministry of Culture.

• Which body successfully conducted a trial run of blood bag delivery by drones under its iDrone initiative - Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).

• Wakefit Innovations Private Limited, has signed which actor as Wakefit.co's brand ambassador - Ayushmann Khurrana.

• A joint report titled “Clinical Trial Opportunities in India” Report was released recently by which body - PwC India and US-India Chamber of Commerce.

• Recently, Fuego Volcano erupted. It is located in which country - Guatemala.

• Who has convened the first South Asia Clean Energy Forum (SACEF) - United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

• Ubhauli fstival is mostly celebrated in which country – Nepal.

• Recently, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana and Atal Pension Yojana completed how many years - 8 years.


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