Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 21.04.2023


1. DNA Database of Unidentified Bodies

Why in news - Himachal Pradesh has become the “first state” to create a DNA database of unidentified bodies.

Key Points –

• Earlier, AIIMS Delhi, in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), had started a pilot project called UMID (unidentified bodies and missing persons’ identification and DNA database).

• UMID created a database of over 400 unidentified/missing persons.

• The Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD) is an Indian biotechnology research centre, located in Hyderabad, India.

About DNA Finger Printing –

• It was invented in 1984 by Professor Sir Alec Jeffreys.

• Use - to determine the probable identity of a person based on the nucleotide sequences of certain regions of human DNA.

• Repetitive DNA - Nucleotide sequences of specific human DNA segments. It is used as the basis for DNA fingerprinting.

• Minisatellites – They are short sequences (10-60 base pairs long) of repetitive DNA that show greater variation from one person to the next than other parts of the genome.

• Lalji Singh is the father of DNA fingerprinting in India.

• In 1989, DNA fingerprinting was first used in a case by Kerala Police.

2. Largest Indoor Stadium in NE

Why in news - The largest multipurpose indoor stadium in the northeastern region is being constructed in Shillong, Meghalaya.

Key Points –

• Facilities - Basketball, squash, badminton, table tennis, volleyball among others.


1. PTP-NER Scheme

Why in news - Arjun Munda launched “Marketing and Logistics Development for Promotion of Tribal Products from North Eastern Region (PTP-NER)”.

Key Points –

• It was launched in Manipur on April 18, 2023.

• It is a Central Sector Scheme.

• By - Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

• Vision - to strengthen livelihood opportunities for tribal artisans of North East through increased efficiency in procurement, logistics and marketing of tribal products.

• Budget - Rs. 143 Crores.

• States covered - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, and Sikkim.


1. India Digital Payments Annual Report 2022

Why in news - Worldline has published the “India Digital Payments Annual Report” for 2022.

Key Points –

• In 2022, payment modes like UPI, Debit and Credit cards, Prepaid Payment Instruments – Mobile and Prepaid cards processed 87.92 billion transactions worth Rs 149.5 trillion.

• Most preferred payment modes - UPI (84%).

• Highest digital transactions (city) – Bengaluru > New Delhi > Mumbai > Pune > Chennai.

• Highest digital transactions (state & UT) – Kerala > Maharashtra > Tamil Nadu > Karnataka > Uttar Pradesh.

2. Global Unicorn Index 2023

Why in news – The report was released by Hurun Research Institute.

Key Points –

• Highest number of unicorns - US > China > India.

• India ranked 5th in the list of the most valuable non-state-controlled businesses globally.

• The number of Indian unicorns established outside India is higher than those located within India.

• India has a total of 138 unicorns, out of which 70 have their headquarters located outside India, while 68 are based in India.


1. Global Buddhist Summit

Why in news – PM Narendra Modi addressed the inaugural session of the 2-day summit on April 20, 2023 in New Delhi.

Key Points –

• Hosted by - Ministry of Culture and International Buddhist Confederation.

• Theme - “Responses to Contemporary Challenges : Philosophy to Praxis”.

• Aim – To engage the global Buddhist scholars on matters of Buddhist and universal concerns, and to come up with policy inputs to address them collectively.


1. National Civil Services Day 2023

Why in news – It is observed every year on April 21.

Key Points –

• Theme - "Viksit Bharat - Empowering citizens and reaching the last mile."

• On April 21, 1947, Sardar Patel addressed the probationers of Administrative Services Officers at Metcalf House in Delhi.

• Patel referred to public workers as the “steel frame of India.”

• The first such event took place on April 21, 2006, at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.


1. Santokbaa Humanitarian Award

Why in news - The prestigious award was conferred to Sonam Wangchuk.

Key Points –

• Sonam Wangchuk is founder of Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh (SECMOL).

• Wangchuk is the inventor of the Ice Stupa technique.

• It creates artificial glaciers used for storing winter water in the form of a cone-shaped ice heap and addresses the water crisis faced in Ladakh.


1. Book “Sachin @50”

Why in news - Boria Majumdar authored a new book titled “Sachin@50 – Celebrating A Maestro”.

Key Points –

• Publisher - Simon & Schuster.

• It covers Tendulkar’s journey to success, starting from his teenage debut where he became globally recognized after his bloodied nose incident in Pakistan in 1989.


1. Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack 2023

Why in news - The Indian duo of Harmanpreet Kaur and Suryakumar Yadav were the only players that found the roll of honour in the 2023 edition.

Key Points –

• Harmanpreet Kaur - Only woman to be bestowed with the Wisden Cricketer of the Year.

• Leading T20I cricketer - Suryakumar Yadav.

• Leading Cricketers in the World - Ben Stokes (England, men) and Beth Mooney (Australia, women).

• Wisden Cricketer of the Year - Harmanpreet Kaur, Tom Blundell, Daryl Mitchell (both New Zealand), Ben Foakes and Matthew Potts (both England).


1. Hooch Deaths

Why in news - The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has issued notices to the Bihar government over the recent deaths from spurious liquor.

Key Points –

• Bihar government and the state’s director general of police were asked for a report within six weeks.

• NHRC has taken suo motu cognizance of a media report on the matter dated April 16, 2023.

• As of now, 31 people from East Champaran district have reportedly died in the hooch tragedy.

• In December 2022 (Saran hooch tragedy), NHRC sent its own team for an on-the-spot investigation into the matter.

• Bihar imposed complete prohibition in the state in April 2016, drawing its inspiration from Article 47 of the Indian Constitution.


• Who has attended the first National Conference of Heads of Anti-Narcotics Task Force of States and Union Territories as the Chief Guest - Amit Shah.

• Which ministry has launched the Sathi (Seed Traceability, Authentication and Holistic Inventory) portal and mobile app - Ministry of agriculture and farmers welfare minister.

• Ministry of Steel has organized India Steel 2023, a conference and International Exhibition on the Steel Industry, in which city - Mumbai.

• Who has released a Consultation Paper (CP) on “Issues Related to Low Power Small Range FM Radio Broadcasting” - Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).

• India's first Mangrove Pitta Birds Census conducted in which state – Odisha.

• Which plasma waves have been identified by Scientists in the Indian Antarctic station, Maitri - Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) waves.

• Valparai tea region of Tamil Nadu saw production fall from 30 million kg in 2009-10 to 16.73 million kg in 2021-22 due to which pest – Tea mosquito bug.

• Which Indian-origin academic has been named among five co-chairs of an Association of American Universities (AAU) task force focused on expanding research and academic partnerships between higher educational institutions in the US and India - Neeli Bendapudi.

• Which state has got the approval to set up its first medical college 60 years after becoming a state – Nagaland.

• Uttar Pradesh government has set a target to replace all vehicles used by respective state departments with electric vehicles by which year – 2030.


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