Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 21.03.2023


1. National Vaccination Day 2023

Why in news - It is celebrated on March 16 every year.

Key Points –

• In India, Pulse Polio Immunisation program to eradicate polio was launched on March 16, 1995.

• Global Polio Eradication Initiative of WHO began in India in 1988.

• WHO declared India Polio free on March 27, 2014.

• MR campaign - To vaccinate all children of 9 months to

• Vaccines provide immunity to the body against future encounters by the same pathogen.

Mission Indradhanush (2014) –

• Largest Immunization Programme in the world.

• To increase the full immunization coverage to 90%.

• All children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women are fully immunized.

• 12 vaccines covered - Diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles, hepatitis-B, pertussis, meningitis, pneumonia, Japanese encephalitis (JE) and measles-rubella (MR).

Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) (October 8, 2017)

• To achieve 90% Full Immunisation Coverage (FIC) with focus towards districts and urban areas with persistently low levels.


1. International Trade Settlement in Indian Rupees

Why in news – RBI has permitted banks from 18 countries to open Special Vostro Rupee Accounts (SVRAs) to settle payments in rupees.

Key Points –

• 60 such approvals have been given by the RBI.

• 18 nations include Germany, Israel, Malaysia, New Zealand Singapore and the United Kingdom among others.

• SVRAs are used to keep the foreign company's holdings in the Indian bank in the form of the Indian rupee.


1. Trends in International Arms Transfers 2022

Why in news – Recently, fresh data was released by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Key Points –

Largest arms importers (2018 to 2022) –

(a) India (11%)

(b) Saudi Arabia (9.6%)

(c) Qatar (6.4%).

Largest arms exporters (2018 to 2022) –

(a) USA (40%)

(b) Russia (16%)

(c) France (11%)

Largest share in India’s imports –

(a) Russia (45%)

(b) France (29%)

(c) USA (11%).

• India was the 3rd largest arms supplier to Myanmar.


1. World Consumer Rights Day

Why in news - The day is observed on March 15 every year to create global awareness about the rights and needs of consumer.

Key Points –

• Theme - "Empowering Consumers Through Clean Energy Transitions."

• On March 15, 1962, US President John F. Kennedy introduced four important consumer rights.

The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 (in force – July 20, 2020)

• Ministry of Consumer Affairs Food and Public Distribution.

• Replaced The Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

• Central Consumer Protection Authority - to protect the rights of the consumer by cracking down on unfair trade practices. It may impose a penalty of up to Rs 10 lakh and imprisonment for up to 2 years.

2. World Sparrow Day

Why in news – It is observed every year on March 20.

Key Points –

• Theme - "Lets Together Say - I Love Sparrow."

• Initiative of - The Nature Forever Society of India and Eco-Sys Action Foundation (France).


1. 13th Bold Kurukshetra

Why in news - The Singapore Army and Indian Army participated in the 13th edition of Exercise from 06-13 March 2023.

Key Points –

• Venue - Jodhpur Military Station, India.

• First conducted in 2005.


1. Shreya Ghodawat

Why in news - Shreya Ghodawat has been appointed as India's ambassador for “She Changes Climate campaign”.

Key Points –

About She Changes Climate –

• A global campaign driving awareness of the crucial role of women in accelerating just climate action.

• Launched 'Embrace Equity' to amplify the voices of women around the impacts of climate change.


1. Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)

Why in news - Indian Coast Guard Region (North East) conducted the 4th edition of Tabletop exercise under the aegis of CSC.

Key Points –

• Venue – Kolkata (March 14 to 16, 2023).

• Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR) - Prioritizes the Indian Ocean region (IOR) in order to ensure India's peace, stability, and prosperity in IOR.

About CSC (2011) –

• Members - India, Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Mauritius.

• Observer - Bangladesh & Seychelles.

• Aim - to make maritime security, marine pollution response and maritime search & rescue priorities for the region.


1. 10th World Happiness Report 2023

Why in news – It was published by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (UN SDSN).

Key Points –

• It ranks countries on happiness based on 3 preceding years’ data of their average life evaluations.

• It uses 6 key factors — social support, income, health, freedom, generosity, and absence of corruption.

• Finland has been crowned as the world’s happiest nation for the 6th year in a row.

• Top 3 –

(a) Finland

(b) Denmark

(c) Iceland.

• India’s ranks - 126th.

• Russia - 70th and Ukraine - 92nd.

• Bottom - Afghanistan (137th rank).


• Who has unveiled a new generation of spacesuits to send humans to the Moon again – NASA.

• Who has launched ChatGPT's rival Falcon LLM - Technology Innovation Institute (TII), Abu Dhabi.

• How many states have been selected to set up new textile parks under the PM MITRA scheme – 7 (Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh).

• In which state, for the first time, electric engine run trains will be run – Meghalaya.

• Which city has received the "Partnership for Healthy Cities" award for smoking laws – Bangalore.

• Who has issued an arrest warrant for Vladimir Putin over Ukraine war crimes - International Criminal Court.

• Which company has unveiled India's first indigenous Quadruped Robot and wearable Exoskeleton - Svaya Robotics.

• Who has been appointed as the Resident Coordinator of the United Nations in Tajikistan - KR Parvati.

• Which country has dropped out of the list of least developed countries – Bhutan.

• Who has been appointed as the brand ambassador of Viacom18 - Mahendra Singh Dhoni.


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