Daily Current Affairs For BPSC as on 17.03.2023


1. 3rd National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR)

Why in news – PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the 3rd session of NPDRR in New Delhi.

Key Points –

• Theme - “Building Local Resilience in a Changing Climate”.

• Bhunga houses (kutch) - A unique type of round mud hut that stood very firm during the earthquake of 2001 when it was very close to the epicenter.

• Recognition and Reform are the two main components for strengthening disaster management.

• Gujarat - First state to come out with the state disaster management act in 2001.

• Winners of the 2023 Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar –

(a) Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA)

(b) Lunglei Fire Station, Mizoram.


• Full form - Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure.

• Launched by PM Modi during the UN Climate Action Summit on the 23rd September, 2019, at New York during 74th UN General Assembly.

• Aim - to promote the resilience of infrastructure systems to climate and disaster risks.

• Members - 31 countries, 6 International Organisations and 2 private sector organisations.

• CDRI secretariat - New Delhi.

2. Bucher Papers on J&K

Why in news - Declassification of the Bucher Papers could affect foreign relations.

Key Points –

• It is a collection of top-secret documents from 1947 about accession of Kashmir to India.

• It is believed to contain “political and military arguments” related to why Jawaharlal Nehru decided to grant Kashmir special status under Article 370.

• General Sir Robert Roy Bucher served as the second commander-in-chief of the Indian Army between 1948 and 1949.

3. 10% Reservation for Ex-Agniveers

Why in news - The Centre declared 10% reservation for ex-Agniveers in recruitments to the post of constable in the Border Security Force (BSF).

Key Points –

Benefits for Ex-Agniveers –

(a) Exempted from the Physical Efficiency Test during their absorption in the BSF.

(b) Upper age-limit shall be relaxable up to 3 years. (for 1st batch – 5 years).

• Agniveers - Youth selected under Agneepath Scheme.

3. 1st Electric Pilgrimage Corridor

Why in news - The country's first Electric Pilgrimage Corridor is being built in Uttarakhand.

Key Points –

• To be built along the Chardham Yatra route.

• Charging points are being made every 30 km for private electric vehicles (EV).


1. New Capital of Indonesia

Why in news - Indonesia to relocate its capital from Jakarta (Java island) to Nusantara (Borneo Island, East Kalimantan province).

Key Points –

• The project is set to launch in 2024.

• Jakarta - World’s most rapidly sinking city, 1/3rd of the city could be submerged by 2050.

• Balik people - Indigenous people on Borneo Island who are being relocated.

• Indonesia aims to be carbon-neutral by 2045.

About Borneo Island –

• 3rd largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.

• Location - North of Java, west of Sulawesi, and east of Sumatra.

• World's oldest rainforests

• Politically divided among 3 countries: Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia.

2. Merapi Volcano

Why in news - Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcanoe erupted.

Key Points –

• Located on Java Island.

• Indonesia's cultural capital – Yogyakarta.

• Indonesia sits on the Pacific "Ring of Fire", where the meeting of continental plates causes high volcanic and seismic activity.

3. MQ-9 Reaper Drone Crashed

Why in news - US released video claiming Russian Su-27 fighter jet downed its MQ-9 Reaper drone.

Key Points –

• Russian jets sprayed fuel on it and clipped the propeller as it flew close over the Black Sea.

• It was the first direct confrontation between the United States and Russia during the Ukraine war.

About Black Sea –

• It is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean.

• Black Sea is bordered by 6 countries- Romania, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Russia, Georgia and Turkey.

• The Bosporus Strait connects it to the small Sea of Marmara which in turn is connected to the Aegean Sea via the Strait of the Dardanelles.

• To the north, the Black Sea is connected to the Sea of Azov by the Kerch Strait.


1. Joint Working Group (JWG) on Afghanistan

Why in news - The first meeting of the India-Central Asia Joint Working Group on Afghanistan was held in New Delhi.

Key Points –

• Participants - India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

• India to send its next consignment of wheat as an aid to Afghanistan under the Taliban regime via Chabahar port.

• More than 80% of the world’s opium and heroin is smuggled out of Afghanistan, which is a part of Golden crescent.

• Afghanistan shares a border with Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and India.


1. GPT-4

Why in news - GPT-4 is a large multimodal model created by OpenAI announced on March 14, 2023.

Key Points –

• GPT-4 is the next big update to the technology that powers ChatGPT and Microsoft Bing.

• GPT-4 is supposedly bigger, faster, and more accurate than ChatGPT.

• GPT-4 can also use images to generate captions and analyses. (GPT-3 and GPT-3.5 - only accepted text).

What is ChatGPT ?

• It is a prototype dialogue-based AI chatbot capable of understanding and responding in natural language.

• It uses deep learning to produce human-like text.

• It can answer simple questions and solve complex coding problems


1. Cheetah Helicopter Crashed

Why in news - A Cheetah helicopter of the Indian Army crashed in Mandala, Arunachal Pradesh.

Key Points –

• It was first flown in 1969.

• It is known for its capability to operate in hot tropical weather as well as high altitude conditions.

• It is a licence-built version of the French Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama.


1. Bumchu Festival

Why in news - It is celebrated at Tashiding Monastery, Sikkim.

Key Points –

• Major highlight of festival - opening of the vessel containing the holy water.

• If the water level is higher or lower then it signifies ill fortune such as droughts, diseases and natural calamities.


1. Vidya Didi

Why in news - The state government would take support of Vidya Didi to make the rural youth capable of competitive exams.

Key Points –

• They would run community library cum career development centers (CDCs).

• CDCs objective - to inform the students about various educational, entrepreneurship and career upliftment schemes.

• In the first phase, these centers would be opened in 100 blocks of 32 districts of the state.

About Vidya Didi –

• Educational qualification - 12th pass.

• Age – 18 – 40 years.

• Honorarium – Rs 6000 per month.

• She should be a member of Jeevika group or belong to the family of a member of this group.

• It would also be the responsibility of Vidya Didi to bring back the children who have dropped out of school.


• Who has been appointed as the brand ambassador of the Women's World Boxing Championship - Farhan Akhtar and MC Mary Kom.

• Who has been appointed as India's ambassador of "She Changes Climate" - Shreya Ghodawat.

• According to the SIPRI report, which country has become the world's largest arms importer between 2018-22 - India.

• According to the 'World Air Quality' report, what is the position of India in the list of polluted countries - 8th .

• Which IIT has partnered with Sathya Sai Hospital for cardiac research - IIT Guwahati.

• By whom is Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATL) being set up in schools across India - Atal Innovation Mission.

• Which state has become the first state in India to launch an insurance scheme for sericulture named 'Resham Keet Bima' scheme – Uttarakhand.

• In which state a 1300 year old Buddhist Stupa has been found – Odisha.

• Which state has requested the Center to allow cultivation of poppy - West Bengal.

• Gold mines have been found in three districts of which state – Odisha. 


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